List of counties in New Jersey

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The shape of New Jersey divided by black lines into the different counties. Larger counties are in the center and northwest, with smaller counties in the northeast; see the list for details.
New Jersey's 21 counties

There are 21 counties in the U.S. state of New Jersey. These counties together have 566 municipalities, or administrative entities composed of clearly defined territory; 250 boroughs, 52 cities, 15 towns, 245 townships, and 4 villages.[1] In New Jersey, a county is a local level of government between the state and municipalities. County government in New Jersey includes a Board of Chosen Freeholders,[2] sheriff, clerk, and surrogate (responsible for uncontested and routine probate),.[3] All of these jobs are elected officials. Counties are responsible for the maintenance of jails, parks, and certain roads.[4] The site of a county's administration and courts is called the county seat.

FIPS code[change | change source]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. FIPS codes are five digit numbers. For New Jersey the codes start with 34 and are completed with the three digit county code. The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county.[5]

Counties[change | change source]

County
FIPS Code[5] County Seat[6] Created[6] Formed from Named for[7] Population [8] Area[6] Map
 
Atlantic County 001 Mays Landing 1837 Gloucester County The Atlantic Ocean, which forms the county's eastern border &&&&&&&&&0274549.&&&&&0274,549 &&&&&&&&&&&&0561.&&&&&0561 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01453.&&&&&01,453 km²)
State map highlighting Atlantic County
Bergen County 003 Hackensack 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey Bergen, New Netherland settlement, itself named for Bergen, North Holland &&&&&&&&&0905116.&&&&&0905,116 &&&&&&&&&&&&0234.&&&&&0234 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0606.&&&&&0606 km²)
State map highlighting Bergen County
Burlington County 005 Mount Holly Township 1694 One of two original counties created in West Jersey The old ancient name for an inland market near Bridlington, England &&&&&&&&&0448734.&&&&&0448,734 &&&&&&&&&&&&0805.&&&&&0805 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02085.&&&&&02,085 km²)
State map highlighting Burlington County
Camden County 007 Camden 1844 Gloucester County Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden (1714–1794), an English supporter of the colonists during the American Revolution[9] &&&&&&&&&0513657.&&&&&0513,657 &&&&&&&&&&&&0222.&&&&&0222 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0575.&&&&&0575 km²)
State map highlighting Camden County
Cape May County 009 Cape May Court House 1692 Burlington County The 17th-century Dutch explorer Cornelius Jacobsen Mey, who explored and surveyed the Delaware Bay to the south of the county &&&&&&&&&&097265.&&&&&097,265 &&&&&&&&&&&&0255.&&&&&0255 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0660.&&&&&0660 km²)
State map highlighting Cape May County
Cumberland County 011 Bridgeton 1748 Salem County Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (1721–1765), second son of George II of England and military victor at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 &&&&&&&&&0156898.&&&&&0156,898 &&&&&&&&&&&&0489.&&&&&0489 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01267.&&&&&01,267 km²)
State map highlighting Cumberland County
Essex County 013 Newark 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The county of Essex in England &&&&&&&&&0783969.&&&&&0783,969 &&&&&&&&&&&&0126.&&&&&0126 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0326.&&&&&0326 km²)
State map highlighting Essex County
Gloucester County 015 Woodbury 1686 Burlington County The city of Gloucester, England &&&&&&&&&0288288.&&&&&0288,288 &&&&&&&&&&&&0325.&&&&&0325 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0842.&&&&&0842 km²)
State map highlighting Gloucester County
Hudson County 017 Jersey City 1840 Bergen County The English explorer Henry Hudson (d. 1611), who explored portions of New Jersey's coastline &&&&&&&&&0634266.&&&&&0634,266 &&&&&&&&&&&&&047.&&&&&047 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0122.&&&&&0122 km²)
State map highlighting Hudson County
Hunterdon County 019 Flemington 1714 Burlington County Robert Hunter (1664–1734), the Colonial Governor of New Jersey from 1710 to 1720 &&&&&&&&&0128349.&&&&&0128,349 &&&&&&&&&&&&0430.&&&&&0430 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01114.&&&&&01,114 km²)
State map highlighting Hunterdon County
Mercer County 021 Trenton 1838 Burlington County, Hunterdon County, Middlesex County, and Somerset County The Continental Army General Hugh Mercer (1726–1777), who died at the Battle of Princeton[10] &&&&&&&&&0366513.&&&&&0366,513 &&&&&&&&&&&&0226.&&&&&0226 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0585.&&&&&0585 km²)
State map highlighting Mercer County
Middlesex County 023 New Brunswick 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The former county of Middlesex in England &&&&&&&&&0809858.&&&&&0809,858 &&&&&&&&&&&&0311.&&&&&0311 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0805.&&&&&0805 km²)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
Monmouth County 025 Freehold Borough 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The historic county of Monmouthshire in Wales &&&&&&&&&0630380.&&&&&0630,380 &&&&&&&&&&&&0472.&&&&&0472 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01222.&&&&&01,222 km²)
State map highlighting Monmouth County
Morris County 027 Morristown 1739 Hunterdon County Colonel Lewis Morris (1671–1746), colonial governor of New Jersey at the time of the county's formation[11][12] &&&&&&&&&0492276.&&&&&0492,276 &&&&&&&&&&&&0469.&&&&&0469 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01215.&&&&&01,215 km²)
State map highlighting Morris County
Ocean County 029 Toms River 1850 Monmouth County The Atlantic Ocean, which forms the eastern border of New Jersey &&&&&&&&&0576567.&&&&&0576,567 &&&&&&&&&&&&0916.&&&&&0916 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02372.&&&&&02,372 km²)
State map highlighting Ocean County
Passaic County 031 Paterson 1837 Bergen County and Essex County "Pasaeck", a Lenape word meaning "valley" &&&&&&&&&0501226.&&&&&0501,226 &&&&&&&&&&&&0185.&&&&&0185 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0479.&&&&&0479 km²)
State map highlighting Passaic County
Salem County 033 Salem 1694 One of two original counties created in West Jersey A Hebrew word meaning "peace" &&&&&&&&&&066083.&&&&&066,083 &&&&&&&&&&&&0338.&&&&&0338 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0875.&&&&&0875 km²)
State map highlighting Salem County
Somerset County 035 Somerville 1688 Middlesex County The county of Somerset in England &&&&&&&&&0323444.&&&&&0323,444 &&&&&&&&&&&&0305.&&&&&0305 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0790.&&&&&0790 km²)
State map highlighting Somerset County
Sussex County 037 Newton 1753 Morris County The county of Sussex in England &&&&&&&&&0149265.&&&&&0149,265 &&&&&&&&&&&&0521.&&&&&0521 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01349.&&&&&01,349 km²)
State map highlighting Sussex County
Union County 039 Elizabeth 1857 Essex County The union of the United States, which was being threatened by the dispute over slavery &&&&&&&&&0536499.&&&&&0536,499 &&&&&&&&&&&&0103.&&&&&0103 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0267.&&&&&0267 km²)
State map highlighting Union County
Warren County 041 Belvidere 1824 Sussex County The American Revolutionary War General Joseph Warren (1741–1775), killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill &&&&&&&&&0108692.&&&&&0108,692 &&&&&&&&&&&&0358.&&&&&0358 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0927.&&&&&0927 km²)
State map highlighting Warren County

References[change | change source]

  1. "New Jersey – Place and County Subdivision". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=n&_lang=en&mt_name=DEC_2000_PL_U_GCTPL_ST7&format=ST-7&_box_head_nbr=GCT-PL&ds_name=DEC_2000_PL_U&geo_id=04000US34. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  2. Coppa, Frank J. (2000). County government: a guide to efficient and accountable government. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9780275968298 . http://books.google.com/books?id=SpN8aALBgw0C&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
  3. Coppa, County government, p. 165
  4. "An Overview of County Government". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/counties/pages/overview.aspx. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/nj.html. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "NACo – Find a county". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on January 12, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080112181449/http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&statecode=nj. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
  7. "The Origin of New Jersey Place Names" (PDF). Federal Writers' Program. 1938. http://www.njstatelib.org/NJ_Information/Digital_Collections/Place_Names/PLACE.pdf. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
  8. http://factfinder2.census.gov
  9. Greenberg, Gail (August 30, 2009). "A Brief History of Camden County". Camden County Board of Freeholders. http://www.camdencounty.com/facts/index.html. Retrieved August 31, 2009.[dead link]
  10. "History". Mercer County Cultural & Heritage Commission. http://nj.gov/counties/mercer/about/history/. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
  11. "The Land Past and Present". Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders. http://www.co.morris.nj.us/history/history.asp. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
  12. "How did our county get its name?". Morris County Library. July 26, 2008. http://www.gti.net/mocolib1/kid/county.html#lewis. Retrieved August 31, 2009.