Newark, New Jersey

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City of Newark
Newark
City
Skyline of downtown Newark
Nickname(s): The Brick City
Newark highlighted in a map of Essex County.
Coordinates: 40°43′27″N 74°10′21″W / 40.72422°N 74.172574°W / 40.72422; -74.172574Coordinates: 40°43′27″N 74°10′21″W / 40.72422°N 74.172574°W / 40.72422; -74.172574
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex County
Settled 1666/1836
Government
 • Mayor Ras Baraka (D)
Area
 • City 26.0 sq mi (67.3 km2)
 • Land 23.8 sq mi (61.6 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2008)
 • City 278,154
 • Density 13,301/sq mi (5,034.8/km2)
 • Metro 18,818,536
Demonym Newarker
Time zone UTC - 5 (EST)
ZIP 07100-07199
Area code(s) 862, 973

Newark is the largest city in in U.S. State of New Jersey, 65th largest city in the United States, and serves as the seat of Essex County.

Newark was originally formed as a township on October 31, 1693. During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township, New Jersey, Caldwell Township, New Jersey, Orange Township, New Jersey, Bloomfield Township, New Jersey, (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township, New Jersey. Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836. The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905 and became part of West Ward.

Newark is divided into five wards; North Ward, South Ward, West Ward, East Ward, and Central Ward. Central Ward has train stations of Amtrak and New Jersey Transit. It also has museums and tall buildings including headquarters of large corporations. The High Street Historic District is in Central Ward.

East Ward includes a neighborhood called "Ironboound". South Ward has the large Newark Airport, one of the first major airports in the United States. Branch Brook Park in North Ward has the biggest display of cherry blossoms in the eastern United States.