A mushroom is the fruiting body of a kind of fungus. Unlike plants, mushrooms do not use sunlight to make energy for themselves. A toadstool is another name for a mushroom. Some mushrooms can be eaten, and are used for cooking in many countries: China, Korea and many European countries. People who look for mushrooms to eat are called mycophagists, meaning "mushroom eater". The act of looking for mushrooms is simply called "mushrooming".
Kinds of mushrooms [change]
- Agarics (includes edible, poisonous, and hallucinogenic kinds)
- Boletes (edible and many people consider delicious)
- Bracket fungi
- Chanterelles (edible)
- Coral fungi (edible)
- Cup fungi (usually edible)
- Jelly fungi (usually edible, but tastes bad)
- Polypores (similar to boletes)
- Psychedelic (also known as shrooms)
- Puffballs (usually edible)
- Stinkhorns (edible, but smells bad)
- Tooth fungi
It is hard to pick mushrooms in the wild, because most mushrooms have "look-alikes". Mushroom hunters learn how to tell these look-alikes apart, usually by chemical features. Edible mushrooms are used in cooking in many cultures and are usually grown in farms. In some places in the world, people learn already in childhood to recognize the edible and delicious mushrooms in the wild.
Structure of mushrooms [change]
Most mushrooms have a stem and a cap. The bottom of the cap sometimes has gills to hold spores, and sometimes holds the spores themselves.
- "Texas mushrooms: a field guide". books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=HRtfvVigMmsC&lpg=PA37&dq=mycophagist&pg=PA37&hl=ko#v=onepage&q=mycophagist&f=false. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
Other websites [change]
- Mushroom Expert
- An Aid to Mushroom Identification, Simon's Rock College
- Online Edible Wild Mushroom Field Guide
- Mushroom Observer (mushroomobserver.org), a collaborative mushroom recording and identification project
- list of field guides to mushrooms, from the International Field Guides database