Naomi Campbell (born 22 May 1970) is an British supermodel. She was born in Streatham, a district in Lambeth, London, and started her modelling career in the 1980s. She has appeared on over 500 magazine covers.
Naomi was one of six models of her generation declared "supermodels" by the fashion world. As the most famous black model of her time, Campbell has been outspoken throughout her career against the racial bias that exists in the fashion industry. Her personal life is widely reported, particularly her affairs with famous men—including boxer Mike Tyson and actor Robert De Niro—and several high-profile assault convictions.
Early life[change | edit source]
Campbell is the daughter of Jamaican-born dancer Valerie Morris. In accordance with her mother's wishes, Campbell has never met her father, who abandoned her mother when she was four months pregnant, and who went unnamed on her birth certificate. She took the surname Campbell from her mother's second marriage.
During her early years, Campbell lived in Rome, where her mother worked as a modern dancer. Following their return to London, she was left in the care of her maternal grandmother, Ruby, while her mother travelled across Europe with the dance troupe Fantastica. At five years old, Campbell was enrolled at the Barbara Speake Stage School, and at the age of ten, she was accepted into the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, where she studied ballet.
References[change | edit source]
- Stein, Joel (09-11-1998). "The Fall of the Supermodel". Time (Time, Inc.). ISSN 0040-781X. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,989517,00.html. Retrieved 07-05-2011.
- Rudolph, Barbara (07-10-1991). "Marketing Beauty and the Bucks". Time (Time, Inc.). ISSN 0040-781X. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,973984-2,00.html. Retrieved 09-05-2011.
- Pool, Hannah (22-08-2007). "Naomi Campbell fights racism in fashion". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). ISSN 0261-3077. http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2007/aug/22/fashion.race. Retrieved 07-05-2011.
- "Voguepedia – Naomi Campbell". Vogue.com. http://www.vogue.com/voguepedia/Naomi_Campbell. Retrieved 07-05-2011.
- Schmidt, Michael S. (02-03-2010). "For Supermodel with a temper, no charges". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). ISSN 0362-4331. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/03/nyregion/03naomi.html. Retrieved 07-05-2011.
- Frankel, Susannah (16-02-2002). "Naomi Campbell: A model of privacy?". The Independent (Independent Print Limited). ISSN 0951-9467. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/naomi-campell-a-model-of-privacy-660862.html. Retrieved 08-05-2011.
- "Naomi will never know her dad". ContactMusic.com. 26-02-2005. http://www.contactmusic.com/new/xmlfeed.nsf/story/naomi-will-never-know-her-dad. Retrieved 08-05-2011.
- Johnson, Angella (22-10-2007). "Naomi Campbell's mother on her battle against cancer and how her famous daughter helped her survive". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-486093/Naomi-Campbells-mother-battle-cancer--famous-daughter-helped-survive.html. Retrieved 08-05-2011.