Oxford, Nova Scotia

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Oxford
Town
The giant blueberry makes a distinctive entry feature for the community
Nickname(s): Wild Blueberry Capital of Canada
Oxford, Nova Scotia is located in Nova Scotia
Oxford
Location of Oxford
Coordinates: 45°43′50″N 63°52′24″W / 45.73056°N 63.87333°W / 45.73056; -63.87333Coordinates: 45°43′50″N 63°52′24″W / 45.73056°N 63.87333°W / 45.73056; -63.87333
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Cumberland County
Founded 1791
Incorporated April 19, 1904
Electoral Districts     
Federal

Cumberland-Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley
Provincial Cumberland South
Government
 • Mayor Patricia Stewart
 • Governing Body Oxford Town Council
 • MLA Murray Scott (PC)
 • MP Scott Armstrong (C)
Area
 • Total 10.76 km2 (4.15 sq mi)
Elevation 5-18 m (16-59 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,151
 • Density 106.9/km2 (277/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code B0M
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 447, 552
Median Earnings* $37,734
  • Median household income, 2005 ($) (all households)

Oxford is a town in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Canada 32 km (20 mi) east of Amherst. The town is is on Routes 104, 204, 301, and 321.

History[change | change source]

Oxford was established in 1791 by settler Richard Thompson.[1] The name "Oxford" comes from the shallow river that was used to enter the town. Early settlers used Oxen to cross, or "ford", the river, and from here came the town's name.

Geography[change | change source]

Oxford is located at the junctions of three rivers. Much of the town lies in a floodplain and floods are common during the springtime. Salt Lake is located between the Black River Road and the Trans Canada Highway. A number of swamps and meadows connect this lake to the River Philip.

Industry[change | change source]

Oxford is considered the wild blueberry capital of Canada as it is centred in a large blueberry growing region. Oxford Frozen Foods Ltd., a wild blueberry processor, is the largest employer in the town, processing up to three million pounds of berries a day during peak season.[2] The plant and over 12,000 acres blueberry land are owned by local businessman, John Bragg.

Historically, the town was home to a manufacturing industry with a woollen mill and foundry being key employers.

Transportation[change | change source]

Centrally located in Cumberland County, Oxford is well connected to the provincial and national road network.

The Trans Canada Highway (Highway 104) passed near just south of the town and provincial routes 204, 301, and 321 all travel through town via Pugwash Road, Brichwood Road, Water Street, Upper/Lower Main Street and Little River Road.

In terms of public transport, the town is serviced by Acadian Bus Lines, which stops at the Lower Main Market not far off the highway.

Historically, the town had freight and passenger rail service via CN's Oxford Subdivision,[3] known locally as the 'Short Line', which ran from Oxford Junction to Stellarton. Passenger service was discontinued in 1960 and the line was abandoned in the 1990s.

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]