Plant cell

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Like all organisms, plants have cells. But unlike animal cells, plant cells have more components in them, such as the cell wall.

Major components in a plant cell[change | change source]

  • Cell wall- gives the cell a definite shape
  • Cell membrane- controls the movement of substances in and out of a cell
  • Cytoplasm- allows substances in the cell to move about
  • Central vacuole- a large part in a plant cell to store food the plant needs
  • Nucleus- controls activities in a cell and contains genetic information
  • Chloroplasts- contains chlorophyll which photosynthesizes and makes food for the plant

However, some parts of the plant do not contain chloroplasts, such as the roots as no sunlight reaches underground and no photosynthesis can take place.