|An editor thinks that this article may not be neutral. (July 2010)|
The war began because Egypt planned to capture Israel, seen by the Arab world as an illegitimate state, and because they dreamed of liberating a Palestinian state, and because of fear of an attack from Israel as suggested by soviet intelligence, and from internal pressure. Egypt, Syria and Jordan gathered troops and prepared for battle, while Arab authorities made clear their intentions for the destruction of Israel. Israel began the mounting precautionary troops against their borders with Syria, Egypt and Jordan as their prime reason.
The Israeli air raids were described as a preemptive, or first, strike against the Egyptians. This attack was against the Egyptian airfields. The Egyptians had 50 runways and about 960 attack craft, but Israelis had 300 attack craft, so Israel attacked while Egypt's planes were still on the ground. In three hours nearly the entire Egyptian air force was wiped out. This surprised the Egyptians, and Israel went on to attack on the ground and claim victory. Israel was then attacked by Syria and Jordan and defeated them quickly.
The entire war took only six days from beginning to end, which is how it got its name. As a result Israel claimed lands which that had great strategical and historical importance for Israel. Eventually Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, but kept the lands acquired from Jordan under military control and started building settlements. The UN has requested Israel retreat to the pre-1967 borders and to help form an Arab-Palestinian state and negotiations have been taken place for the planning of a future Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank, although fighting continues to stop peace talks in the region.