The Swedish Academy (Swedish: Svenska Akademien), started in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden. It was copied from the Académie française, it has 18 members. The motto of the Academy is "Talent and Taste" ("Snille och Smak" in Swedish). The main thing the Academy does is to help the purity, strength, and greatness of the Swedish language" ("Svenska Språkets renhet, styrka och höghet"). To help do this, the Academy publishes two dictionaries.
The first is a dictionary in a single book, called Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL). In 2005, it was up to its 13th edition. The second dictionary, called Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB) is so big it needs many books, like the Oxford English Dictionary. The first book in the set was printed in 1898 and in 2005 work had got as far as words beginning with the letter "T".
The Academy uses a building now known as the Stockholm Stock Exchange Building. The bottom floor was used as a trading exchange (which became the stock exchange) and the upper floor was used for dances, New Years Eve parties, etc. In 1786, the ballroom was the biggest room in Stockholm that could be heated and be used in the winter. The king asked if he could use it. The Academy has met there every year since. In 1914 the Academy gained the right to use the upper floor as their own forever. This is where they meet and, amongst other business, choose the Nobel Prize winners. Because of this, the Academy is one of the most important literary groups in the world.
Current members [change]
The current members of the Swedish Academy listed by seat number :
|Seat||Member of the Academy||Born||Elect.||Notes|
|3.||Sture Allén||1928||1980||Permanent secretary 1986-1999|
|10.||Peter Englund||1957||2002||Permanent secretary 2009-|
|17.||Horace Engdahl||1948||1997||Permanent secretary 1999-2009|
Permanent secretaries [change]
|Order||Seat||Permanent Secretary of the Academy||Born||Years||Notes|
|1.||11.||Nils von Rosenstein||1752||1786-1824|
|2.||13.||Frans Michael Franzén||1772||1824-1834|
|3.||12.||Bernhard von Beskow||1828||1834-1868|
|4.||5.||Johan Erik Rydqvist||1800||1868-1869||pro temporare|
|6.||12.||Carl Gustaf Strandberg||1825||1872-1874||pro temporare|
|8.||11.||Bror Emil Hildebrand||1806||1881-1883||pro temporare|
|9.||8.||Carl David af Wirsén||1842||1883-1912||pro temporare in 1883-84|
|10.||6.||Hans Hildebrand||1842||1912||pro temporare|
|11.||11.||Erik Axel Karlfeldt||1864||1913-1931|
|14.||7.||Karl Ragnar Gierow||1904||1964-1977|
- Walshe, Maurice O'Connell (1965). Introduction to the Scandinavian Languages. Andre Deutsch Ltd. pp. 57.
Other websites [change]
- Swedish Academy - Official site (in Swedish)
- Swedish Academy - Official site (in English)
- SAOL on the web - Free
- SAOB on the web - Free
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