Umeå

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Umeå
Umeå Old Town Hall
Nickname(s): Björkarnas stad (town of birches)
Umeå is located in Sweden
Umeå
Coordinates: 63°49′30″N 20°15′50″E / 63.825°N 20.26389°E / 63.825; 20.26389Coordinates: 63°49′30″N 20°15′50″E / 63.825°N 20.26389°E / 63.825; 20.26389
Country Sweden
Province Västerbotten
County Västerbotten County
Municipality Umeå Municipality
Charter 17th Century
Area
 • City 34.15 km2 (13.19 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)
 • City 79,594
 • Density 2,331/km2 (6,040/sq mi)
 • Metro 111,771
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 900 01 - 908 50
Area code(s) (+46) 90
Umeå in Sweden.png

Umeå is a town in northern Sweden. The town is known for the large number of birch trees.[1] About 116,465 people were living in Umeå Municipality in late 2011.

The town had to recover from a very large fire in 1888.[1] Umeå is the biggest city in Norrland, the most northern region of Sweden since 1962. The town had about 80,000 people living there in 2010. The town opened a university in 1965. In the last 50 years the number of houses has doubled.[2] About 700 buildings are built every year.

The city was elected European Capital of Culture in 2014. The city is the most norhtern location to have ever been a European city of culture. The city is partnering with a large number of voluntary organisations and the concept of open source[3]

History[change | change source]

Umeå became a city in 1622. The King of Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus, made the new city for Swedish merchants. He made the merchants to move north so that taxes could be increased. The city was burnt by Russian troops in 1714 and then again in 1720. In 1809 the city was briefly occupied again by the Russian army before peace was agreed. In 1888 the great fire destroyed the homes of over 2,000 people. The fire started in a brewery and destroyed part of the city including the shipyards at Teg and buildings on the island of Ön.[2] Less than 1,000 of the people had a house after the fire. After the fire the town was rebuilt and many new birch trees were planted to stop future fires. The town is known for these trees.[1]

In 1951 the city's library was recognised as important for northern Sweden. The library has a copy of every new book printed in Sweden. In 1962 the city opened its first airport. Umeå has been the biggest city in the most northern region of Sweden since 1962. Before 1962 the largest city was Sundsvall.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Umea University, retrieved 1 May 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Umeå's historyumea.se, retrieved 1 May 2014
  3. Capital of Culture, Unea.se, retrieved 1 May 2014

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Umeå at Wikimedia Commons