Valle d'Aosta

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Aosta Valley
Valle d'Aosta - Vallée d'Aoste
Region of Italy

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 45°45′N 7°26′E / 45.75°N 7.44°E / 45.75; 7.44Coordinates: 45°45′N 7°26′E / 45.75°N 7.44°E / 45.75; 7.44
Country Italy
Capital Aosta
Government
 • President Augusto Rollandin (Valdotanian Union)
Area
 • Total 3,263 km2 (1,260 sq mi)
Population (November 2012)[1]
 • Total 126,978
 • Density 38.914/km2 (100.788/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal € 4.3[2] billion (2010)
GDP per capita € 30,300[3] (2008)
NUTS Region ITC (Northwestern Italy)

Valle d'Aosta (Italian: Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual), French: Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual)) is a mountainous region in northwestern Italy. In English is common to call it Aosta Valley.

The region has two official name: Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta (in Italian) and Région Autonome Vallée d'Aoste (in French). The capital is Aosta.

This is the smallest region in Italy with an area of 3,263 km2 (1,260 sq mi) and a population of about 126,978.[1] It is the only Italian region which has no provinces. The regional government has taken all the administrative functions of a province.[4] The region is divided into 74 comuni.

Limits[change | edit source]

It limits to the north with Switzerland (Canton Valais), to the west with France (region Rhône-Alpes), to the south and east with the Italian region of Piedmont.

Geography[change | edit source]

The Valle d'Aosta is a small valley, the valley of the Dora Baltea river, with some smaller side valleys, in the middle of the Alps, surrounded by four of the tallest mountains throughout Italy and Europe:[5]

  1. Mont Blanc; height: 4,810 m (15,781 ft) (45°50′01″N 6°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.865°E / 45.83361; 6.865 (Mont Blanc)), the highest mountain in the Alps.
  2. Matterhorn (German), Monte Cervino (Italian) or Mont Cervin (French); height: 4,478 m (14,692 ft) (45°58′35″N 7°39′30″E / 45.97639°N 7.65833°E / 45.97639; 7.65833 (Matterhorn))
  3. Monte Rosa; height: 4,634 m (15,203 ft) (45°56′12.6″N 7°52′01.4″E / 45.936833°N 7.867056°E / 45.936833; 7.867056 (Monte Rosa Massif)), the second highest mountain in the Alps.
  4. Gran Paradiso; height: 4,061 m (13,323 ft) (45°32′0″N 7°16′0″E / 45.533333°N 7.266667°E / 45.533333; 7.266667 (Gran Paradiso)).

In the Valle d'Aosta, a region with many mountainous and close to borders with other countries, the mountain passes are very important. Even if now there some tunnels, they are important not only from a historical and geographical perspective, but also traditional and tourism.

The main mountain passes between the Val d'Aosta and other valleys are:

  • The Little St Bernard Pass (French: Col du Petit Saint-Bernard; Italian: Colle del Piccolo San Bernardo), between Savoie, France and the Valle d'Aosta;
  • The Great St Bernard Pass (French: Col du Grand Saint-Bernard; Italian: Colle del Gran San Bernardo), between Valais, Switzerland and the Valle d'Aosta;.

The southern part of the territory is occupied by the Gran Paradiso National Park, created in 1922 to protect plants and animals in danger of extinction.

The valleys were made by glaciers moving at a time when the entire region was covered by them. Currently, glaciers occupy only the highest peaks.

The Dora Baltea (French: Doire Baltée) river flows along the whole Valle d'Aosta, from the northwest to the southeast; it is 160 km (99 mi) long and is a tributary of the Po river.

Mountain Communities[change | edit source]

Map of Valle d'Aosta (in French).

The 74 comuni - with the exception of Aosta - of the Valle d'Aosta are organized in mountain communities (Italian: 'Comunità montane', French: 'Communautés de montagne'). There are 8 mountain communities:[6]

Mountain Community Capital Comuni
Evançon Verrès  9
Grand Combin Gignod 11
Grand Paradis Villeneuve 13
Mont Emilius Quart 10
Mont Rose Pont-Saint-Martin  9
Monte Cervino Châtillon 12
Valdigne Mont Blanc La Salle  5
Walser - Alta Valle del Lys Issime  4

Comuni with higher populations[change | edit source]

The 10 comuni of the Valle d'Aosta with the higher populations (January 2011) are:[7]

View of the city of Aosta
City Population Altitude
(m)
Area
(km²)
Aosta 35,019 583 21.37
Châtillon 4,967 549 39.77
Sarre 4,892 631 28.00
Saint-Vincent 4,794 575 20.81
Pont-Saint-Martin 4,020 345 6.88
Quart 3839 535 62.00
Gressan 3,325 626 25.00
Saint-Christophe 3295 619 14.00
Saint-Pierre 3,176 731 26.00
Nus 2,959 529 57.38

People[change | edit source]

A person from the Valle d'Aosta is called a Valdotian (Italian: Valdostano/a, French: Valdôtain).

Population[change | edit source]

The total population of Valle d'Aosta in December 2011 was 128,672, of which 62, 950 were male and 65,722 were female.[8]

Languages[change | edit source]

Italian and French are the region's official languages[9] and are used for the regional government's acts and laws, though Italian is much more widely spoken in everyday life. Of the population of the valley 96% speaks Italian as either a first or second language. Of the population 70% speaks French as either first or second language.[10] School education is given equally in both Italian and French.[9]

The regional language is a dialect of Franco-Provençal called Valdôtain (locally, patois). It is spoken as native tongue and as second language by about 58% of the population, according to a poll taken by the Fondation Émile Chanoux in 2002. The residents of the villages of Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Gressoney-La-Trinité and Issime, in the Lys Valley, speak two dialects of Walser German origin called Titsch and Töitschu respectively.[10]

Gallery[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Statistica" (in Italian). Regione autonoma Valle d'Aosta. http://www.regione.vda.it/statistica/default_i.asp. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  2. "Eurostat - Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tgs00003&plugin=1. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  3. EUROPA - Press Releases - Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008 GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London
  4. http://www.camera.it/_dati/leg13/lavori/bollet/200007/0718/pdf/06.pdf
  5. "Giants of the Alps". Valle d'Aosta official tourism website. 5 October 2012. http://www.lovevda.it/turismo/scopri/grandi_montagne/default_e.asp. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  6. "Comunità montane" (in Italian). Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta - Sito Ufficiale. http://appweb.regione.vda.it/dbweb/link/dbLink.nsf/vedicat_i/ComuMontane?OpenDocument. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  7. "Bilancio demografico Anno 2011 Gennaio - Valle d'Aosta/Vallée d'Aoste" (in Italian). Demografie in cifre. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. http://demo.istat.it/bilmens2011gen/index02.html. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  8. "Bilancio demografico Anno 2011 Gennaio - Valle d'Aosta/Vallée d'Aoste" (in Italian). Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. http://demo.istat.it/bilmens2011gen/index.html. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Statuto speciale per la Valle d'Aosta" (in French). La francophonie dans le monde. 2013. http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/europe/italieaoste.htm. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Val d'Aoste" (in French). La francophonie dans le monde. 2013. http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/europe/italieaoste.htm. Retrieved 11 June 2013.

Other websites[change | edit source]