1566 Icarus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1566 Icarus
Discovered byWalter Baade
Discovery dateJune 27, 1949
Other names1949 MA
Longest distance from the Sun294.590 Gm (1.969 AU)
Shortest distance from the Sun27.923 Gm (0.187 AU)
How long it takes to complete an orbit408.778 d (1.12 a)
Size and other qualities
Measurements1.4 km
Mass2.9×1012 kg
Average density2 ? g/cm³
Surface gravity0.000 39 m/s²
Escape velocity0.000 74 km/s
Rotation period0.094 71 d
How much light it reflects0.4[1]
Avg. surface temp.~242 K
True brightness
("absolute magnitude")

1566 Icarus is an Apollo asteroid (a sub-class of near-Earth asteroid). At its closest approach to the Sun (perihelion) it is closer to the Sun than Mercury. In its orbit it crosses the orbits of Mercury, Venus and Mars. It is named after Icarus of Greek mythology, who flew too close to the Sun. The asteroid was found in 1949 by Walter Baade.

Icarus makes a close approach to Earth at gaps of 9, 19, or 38 years. Sometimes, it comes as close as 6.4 Gm (16 lunar distances and 4 million miles), as it did on June 14, 1968. The last close approach was in 1996, at 15.1 Gm, about 40 times as far as the Moon. [2] The most recent close approach was on June 16, 2015, 8.1 Gm (5 million miles).

In 1967, Paul Sandorff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology gave his students the task of making a plan to destroy Icarus, if it was going to hit the Earth. This plan is known as Project Icarus[3] (which was the basis for the 1979 science fiction film Meteor, starring Sean Connery).

References[change | change source]

  1. Radiometry of near-earth asteroids
  2. Page Modified
  3. Project Icarus, MIT Report No. 13, MIT Press 1968, edited by Louis A. Kleiman. "Interdepartmental Student Project in Systems Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Spring Term, 1967".

Other websites[change | change source]