|UTC time||2010-01-12 21:53|
|Local date||12 January 2010|
|Local time||16:53:10 EST|
|Magnitude||7.0 Mw (USGS)|
7.3 Mw (EMSC)
|Depth||13 km (8.1 mi)|
|Areas affected||Haiti, Dominican Republic|
|Max. intensity||IX (Violent)|
|Peak acceleration||0.5 g|
|Casualties||100,000 to 316,000 deaths (the higher figure is from a government estimate widely charged with being deliberately inflated; a figure of about 160,000 is provided in a 2010 University of Michigan study; the 100,000 figure is suggested by the U.S. Geological Survey.)|
The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010. On the scientific scale that measures the magnitude (or strength) of an earthquake, the quake scored a magnitude of 7.3 Mw. The center of the earthquake was near Léogâne, very close to Port-au-Prince, the capital and largest city of Haiti. It was only about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west. The earthquake hit in the afternoon, at 16:53:10 local time (21:53:10 UTC). Haiti already was the poorest country in the western hemisphere, and was not able to take care of all the people that needed help. It is the one of the deadliest earthquakes in the world.
Damage and death[change | change source]
About three million people were affected by the earthquake; many homes were destroyed. Three days after the earthquake, the Haitian Interior Minister said that up to 200,000 had died because of the quake and its effects. This was many more deaths than officials originally thought. At first, the Red Cross had guessed a much smaller death toll of 45,000–50,000
The earthquake caused major damage to Port-au-Prince. Most major landmarks were badly damaged or destroyed. The Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the city's main jails were all destroyed.
Most hospitals in the area were destroyed, which made things much worse. The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in Port-au-Prince collapsed. The Mission's Chief (Hédi Annabi), his deputy, and the acting police commissioner were killed in the quake. Elisabeth Byrs of the United Nations (UN) called the earthquake the worst disaster the United Nations had ever had. This was not just because of the property damage and deaths from the earthquake. The roads, phone lines and government buildings of the UN in Haiti and the Haitian government were also destroyed, so trying to just get organized and get help to the people was a real problem. So many people died in such a short time, that they used dump trucks to haul the dead bodies to mass graves.
Response[change | change source]
After the earthquake, many charities and organizations asked people around the world to help Haiti. The International Red Cross, the Salvation Army, the United Nations, and president René Préval all asked the world for help. Raymond Joseph, Haiti's ambassador to the United States, and his nephew, famous singer Wyclef Jean, also begged people to give money. (A few years before the earthquake, President Preval had asked Jean to become a "roving ambassador" for Haiti.)
Many different countries started raising money and sent medical teams or search and rescue teams to Haiti. The Dominican Republic, which is next to Haiti, was the first country to give aid. This helped reduce some bad feelings between the two countries that had been there a long time.
But it takes a long time to rebuild a city and the area around it. Just finding places to move all the broken parts of buildings was difficult. And countries promise money to help rebuild, but it takes a while to get the money, and in most disasters, only half the money that is promised is actually sent. (This doesn't count millions of dollars that people gave directly). For years many people were living in tents, wherever they could find room. And workers for the UN introduced cholera to the country in October 2010, which made many people sick and killed thousands more. The country is still recovering to this day.
References[change | change source]
- Lin, Rong-Gong; Allen, Sam (26 February 2011). "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- Two Years Later, Haitian Earthquake Death Toll in Dispute - Columbia Journalism Review Columbia Journalism Review, "Two Years Later, Haitian Earthquake Death Toll in Dispute", 20 January 2012
- Kolbe, Athena R.; Hutson, Royce A.; Shannon, Harry; Trzcinski, Eileen; Miles, Bart; Levitz, Naomi; Puccio, Marie; James, Leah; Roger Noel, Jean; Muggah, Robert (2010). "Mortality, crime and access to basic needs before and after the Haiti earthquake: a random survey of Port-au-Prince households". Medicine, Conflict and Survival. 26 (4): 281–297. doi:10.1080/13623699.2010.535279. PMID 21314081. S2CID 26000167.
- "Earthquakes with 50,000 or More Deaths". Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2012. U.S. Geological Survey, Earthquakes with 50,000 or More Deaths
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- "CIA World Factbook - Haiti". CIA. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2013. "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Red Cross: 3M Haitians Affected by Quake". CBS News. 13 January 2010. Archived from the original on 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- Sutton, Jane; Anthony Boadle, Pascal Fletcher (15 January 2010). "Haiti quake death toll may hit 200,000-minister". Reuters Alertnet. Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- Fournier, Keith (13 January 2010). "Devastating 7.0 Earthquake Hammers Beleaguered Island Nation of Haiti". Catholic Online. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
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- "Dems' Haiti Fundraising Email: 'Put Politics Aside For A Moment". Talking Points Memo. 14 January 2010. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- "Briefing by Martin Nesirky, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, and Jean Victor Nkolo, Spokesperson for the President of the General Assembly". United Nations. 13 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Clinton visits quake-hit Haitians". BBC News. 16 January 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- de Montesquiou, Alfred; and Mike Melia (16 January 2010). "Haiti earthquake survivors get more food and water (AP)". Tampa Tribune Online. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
- "Charities plead for Haitian aid" Archived 2010-01-22 at the Wayback Machine. The San Bernardino Sun. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Tensions Mount in Haiti Amid Plea for Aid". SKY News. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Thousands feared dead after powerful Haiti quake". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Dominican Republic aid to Haiti eases historic tensions – CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- "Appeals for aid after quake strikes Haiti". CNN. 13 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- Reuters (3 January 2007). "Wyclef Jean to be Haiti's roving ambassador". MSNBC. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
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- "Half of money received". Guardian. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Cholera in Haiti". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2013-09-18. Retrieved 16 March 2013.