Adam Mickiewicz

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Adam Mickiewicz
Born Adam Bernard Mickiewicz
(1798-12-24)24 December 1798
Zaosie, Lithuania Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 26 November 1855(1855-11-26) (aged 56)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Resting place Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Occupation Poet
Language Polish
Nationality Polish
Period 19th
Genres Romanticism
Notable work(s) Pan Tadeusz
Spouse(s) Celina Szymanowska (1834–55; six children; her death)


Adam Bernard Mickiewicz ([mit͡sˈkʲɛvit͡ʂ] (About this sound listen); 24 December 1798 – 26 November 1855) was a heavily influential national Polish Romantic poet, generally regarded as the greatest figure in Polish literature,[1] especially known for his epic poem Pan Tadeusz. At the later phase of his life he was also a political activist, an ideologue and a messianist philosopher who lectured at Collège de France.

Life[change | change source]

Early years[change | change source]

Adam Mickiewicz was born on 24 December 1798, either at his paternal uncle's estate in Zaosie (now Zavosse) near Navahrudak (in Polish, Nowogródek) or in Navahrudak itself in what was then part of the Russian Empire and is now Belarus.

Works[change | change source]

In many literary critics' opinion, Mickiewicz is among the most important writers such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, George Byron and Homer.[1][2]

Lithuania, my country! You are as good health:
How much one should prize you, he only can tell
Who has lost you.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1
  2. George Sand, Goethe - Byron - Mickiewicz, "Revue des Deux Mondes"; December 1, 1838

Further reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]