Administrative divisions of Iran

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The first level of country subdivisions of Iran are the provinces.

Each province is further subdivided into counties called shahrestan, and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts called bakhsh. There are usually a few cities and rural districts called dehestan in each county. Rural districts are collections of villages. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of the county.

According to the government of Iran,[1] as of March 2016 (Iranian calendar 1394), the figures are as follows:

English Persian sing. Persian pl. number
Provinces استان ostān استان‌ها ostānhā 31
Counties شهرستان shahrestān 429
Districts بخش bakhsh 1057
cities شهر shahr 1245
rural districts دهستان dehestān 2589
Map of Iran's Provinces

To better understand such subdivisions, the following table may be helpful. Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district might contain one or more cities or one or more RDs (rural districts). In our example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and rural district T composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4, in turn; district X contains City O and rural district U; and district Y has no cities and one rural district V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central, which is most common. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q.

Province County District City / RD* Villages
P A Central City M (c)
City N
RD T V1, V2, V3, V4
X City O
RD U V5, V6
Y RD V V7, V8, V9
B Central City Q

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