Ahmad Shah Durrani

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Ahmad Shah Durrani
Durr-i-Durrani ("pearl of pearls")
Reign 1747–1772
Coronation October 1747
Predecessor Hussain Hotak
Successor Timur Shah Durrani
Spouse Hazrat Begum
Full name
Ahmad Shah Abdali Dur-e-Durran
Dynasty Durrani
Father Muhammad Zaman Khan Abdali
Mother Zarghuna Alakozai
Born c. 1722
Herat, Afghanistan
Died 16 October 1772
Kandahar Province, Afghanistan
Burial Kandahar, Afghanistan
31°37′10″N 65°42′25″E / 31.61944°N 65.70694°E / 31.61944; 65.70694Coordinates: 31°37′10″N 65°42′25″E / 31.61944°N 65.70694°E / 31.61944; 65.70694
Religion Sunni Islam

Ahmad Shah Durrani (c.1723-1773) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Shah Abdali (Pashto: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khan, was the founder of the Durrani Empire in 1747.

He united the different Afghan tribes and conquered what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, eastern Iran and The Punjab in north western India. He is recognized as the Founding Father of the modern state of Afghanistan.

His mausoleum is located in the southern Afghan city of Kandahar, adjacent to the mosque where Muhammad the Prophet's sacred cloak is kept as memorabilia. It is not worshiped.