Alberto Giacometti

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Alberto Giacometti
Portrait of Alberto-Giacometti (etching by Jan Hladík, 2002)
Born(1901-10-10)10 October 1901
Borgonovo, Stampa, Graubünden, Switzerland
Died11 January 1966(1966-01-11) (aged 64)
Chur, Graubünden, Switzerland
EducationThe School of Fine Arts, Geneva
Known forSculpture, Painting, Drawing
MovementSurrealism, Expressionism, Cubism, Formalism
Spouse(s)Annette Arm
Awards"Grand Prize for Sculpture" at 1962 Venice Biennale

Alberto Giacometti (Italian pronunciation: [alˈbɛrto dʒakoˈmetti]; 10 October 1901 – 11 January 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker. His parents were Giovanni and Annetta and his family had grown up with art, his father being a Post-Impressionist painter.

When he was ten he began drawing with pencil and crayon and sending them to his godfather, Amiet. Then he progressed on to using oils and he painted his first photo of the figure (by making his siblings models) at the age of 12.

In 1915, he attended Evangelical School in the town of Schiers and left in 1919. He continued to develop his art skills in Geneva, where he enrolled at the École des Arts Industriels. He travelled to Venice, Padua, Florence and Rome where he was influenced by the collections of Egyptian art he studied. He was also inspired by African and Oceanic art. He also focused on the surrealism of art, producing pieces of art such as Suspended Ball and The Palace at 4 a.m.

Beginning in 1922, he lived and worked mainly in Paris but regularly visited his hometown Borgonovo to see his family and work on his art.

In 1940, Giacometti and his brother, Diego, left for the south of France to escape Nazi invasion before returning to Paris the next year. He passed away on the 11th January 1966.

Giacometti was one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century. His work was particularly influenced by artistic styles such as Cubism and Surrealism.