Alessandro Pertini

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Alessandro Pertini
Pertini ritratto.jpg
7th President of Italy
In office
9 July 1978 – 29 June 1985
Prime MinisterGiulio Andreotti
Francesco Cossiga
Arnaldo Forlani
Giovanni Spadolini
Amintore Fanfani
Bettino Craxi
Preceded byGiovanni Leone
Succeeded byFrancesco Cossiga
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
In office
5 July 1968 – 4 June 1976
Preceded byBrunetto Bucciarelli-Ducci
Succeeded byPietro Ingrao
Lifetime Senator
In office
29 June 1985 – 24 February 1990
ConstituencyFormer President
Personal details
Born(1896-09-25)25 September 1896
Stella, Italy
Died24 February 1990(1990-02-24) (aged 93)
Rome, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partySocialist Party
Spouse(s)Carla Voltolina

Alessandro "Sandro" Pertini (Italian: [alesˈsandro (ˈsandro) perˈtiːni]; 25 September 1896 – 24 February 1990) was an Italian journalist and socialist politician. He served as the seventh President of the Italian Republic. He served as President from 1978 to 1985.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Pertini was born in Stella, Italy. He studied at the University of Genoa. Aged 19 when Italy entered World War I on the side of the Entente, Pertini opposed the war, but enlisted in the army where he served as a lieutenant and was decorated for bravery. Pertini was married to Carla Voltolina.

Presidency[change | change source]

In 1978, the 82-year old Pertini was elected President of the Italian Republic. He played a major role in helping restore the public's faith in the government and institutions of Italy.

He maintained an active schedule of traveling and meeting foreign leaders such as Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, Joseph Broz Tito, and Ronald Reagan.

During the Brigate Rosse terrorism period of the Anni di piombo, Pertini openly denounced the violence. He was also against organized crime in Italy, South African apartheid, Chilean president Augusto Pinochet and other dictatorships. Pertini was as well against the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan.

In 1985, he stepped down from the presidency. He was soon honored with the position of senator for life.

Personal life[change | change source]

Pertini became President of the Foundation for Historical Studies of Florence. In December 1988, Pertini was the first person to be awarded the Otto Hahn Peace Award by the United Nations. He lived in Rome, Italy.

Death[change | change source]

Pertini died in Rome, Italy from natural causes, aged 93.

References[change | change source]

  1. "A biography of Pertini". Retrieved 9 May 2014. Unknown parameter |publihser= ignored (|publisher= suggested) (help)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Sandro Pertini at Wikimedia Commons