Amrita Pritam

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Amrita Pritam
Pritam c. 1948
Pritam c. 1948
BornAmrita Kaur
(1919-08-31)31 August 1919
Gujranwala, Punjab Province, British India (now Punjab, Pakistan)
Died31 October 2005(2005-10-31) (aged 86)
Delhi, India
OccupationNovelist, poet
Genrepoetry, prose, autobiography
SubjectPartition of India, Women, Dream
Literary movementRomantic-Progressivism
SpousePritam Singh

Amrita Pritam (31 August 1919 – 31 October 2005) was an Indian novelist and poet, who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi.[1] She is the recipient of the 1956 Sahitya Akademi Award. She wrote more than 100 books of poetry, fiction, biographies, essays, a collection of Punjabi folk songs and an autobiography that were all translated into several Indian and foreign languages.[2][3]

Biography[change | change source]

Pritam was born on August 31, 1919, in Gujranwala, Punjab, British India.[4] She was the only child of Raj Bibi, who was a school teacher, and Kartar Singh Hitkari, who was a poet, a scholar of the Braj Bhasha language, and the editor of a literary journal.[5][6]

She was known for her powerful and emotional poetry that often portrayed the struggles of women and the partition of India. Her writing continues to inspire generations of readers with its themes of love, loss, and social injustice.

She started her journey as a romantic poet[7] and soon became part of the Progressive Writers' Movement. The effect was seen in her collection, Lok Peed ("People's Anguish", 1944), which openly criticised the war-torn economy after the Bengal famine of 1943. She was also involved in social work.

She also worked at a radio station in Lahore for a while, before the partition of India.[8]

Death[change | change source]

She passed away on October 31, 2005 after a long sickness but her legacy lives on through her timeless words.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. Amrita Pritam, The Black Rose by Vijay Kumar Sunwani, Language in India, Volume 5: 12 December 2005.
  2. Amrita Pritam – Obituary The Guardian, 4 November 2005.
  3. Amrita Pritam: A great wordsmith in Punjab’s literary history Archived 19 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine Daily Times (Pakistan), 14 November 2005.
  4. Amrita Pritam – Obituary The Guardian, 4 November 2005.
  5. Amrita Pritam Women Writing in India: 600 B.C. to the Present, by Susie J. Tharu, Ke Lalita, published by Feminist Press, 1991. ISBN 1-55861-029-4. Page 160-163.
  6. New Panjabi Poetry ( 1935–47) Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, by Nalini Natarajan, Emmanuel Sampath Nelson, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996. ISBN 0-313-28778-3.Page 253-254.
  7. Amrita Pritam Modern Indian Literature: an Anthology, by K. M. George, Sahitya Akademi. 1992, ISBN 81-7201-324-8.945–947.
  8. Editorial Archived 13 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine Daily Times (Pakistan), 2 November 2005.
  9. "Indian writer Amrita Pritam dies". BBC News. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2012.