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Arthashastra is an ancient book of India. Kautilya (also known as Chanakya) wrote this book. Kautilya was a minister of Chandragupta Maurya (321 BC297 BC), an emperor of Ancient India. After many revisions and additions, the book took its present form about 1800 years before, in the 2nd century.

The book is divided into fifteen sections. It tells about politics and administration. Different sections of the book talk about many subjects, such as: war and politics "rule with a harsh hand"

  • Duties of the ruler
  • Training of the princes
  • Qualifications of ministers of state, home, and foreign offices
  • Civil services
  • Defense
  • Judiciary
  • Civil and criminal law
  • Corporation and guilds