Early life[change | change source]
Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II. He fought the revolt of 1857 (first independence war of India) with many freedom fighters or leaders such as Rani Lakshmi bai , Tatya Tope and Mangal Pandey, etc against the East India Company and British army.[source?]
Reign[change | change source]
Bahadur Shah became the Mughal Emperor after his father's death on 28 September 1837. Bahadur Shah ruled over a Mughal Empire that barely extended beyond Delhi's Red Fort. The East India Company ruled India. The company allowed him a pension. He had no real power in India.
He fought with a small army and ultimately lost the revolt. The Red fort was captured and Bahadur Shah was forced to flee to Humayun's tomb. On 20th of September, he was found and captured.
Poet[change | change source]
Bahadur Shah Zafar was known as an Urdu poet, who used the pen-name Zafar. His work was compiled as the Kuliyaat-e-Zafar (Urdu: Collected Works of Zafar Notes and references)
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bahadur Shah II..|
Media related to Bahadur Shah II at Wikimedia Commons
Akbar Shah II
| Mughal Emperor
1837 – 1858
Victoria of the United Kingdom
as Empress of India