Bahadur Shah II

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Bahadur Shah II,[1] better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) (reigned 1837-1858), was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire of India.[2] Bahadur Shah died on the 7th of November in 1862 in Rangon(now Yangon, Myanmar)

Bahadur Shah Zafar
20th Mughal Emperor
Emperor of India
In office
28 September 1837 - 21 September 1857
Preceded byAkbar II
Succeeded byEmpire Dissolved
Victoria as Empress of India

Early life[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II. He fought the revolt of 1857 (first independence war of India) with many freedom fighters or leaders such as Rani Lakshmi bai , Tatya Tope and Mangal Pandey, etc against the East India Company and British army. [source?]

Reign[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah became the Mughal Emperor after his father's death on 28 September 1837. Bahadur Shah ruled over a Mughal Empire that barely extended beyond Delhi's Red Fort. The East India Company ruled India. The company allowed him a pension. He had no real power in India.

He fought with a small army and ultimately lost the revolt. The Red fort was captured and Bahadur Shah was forced to flee to Humayun's tomb. On 20th of September, he was found and captured.

After the Indian Independence War of 1857, the British Administration exiled him from Delhi. He was sent to a prison in Rangoon (now Yangon), Burma and died there.

Poet[change | change source]

Bahadur Shah Zafar was known as an Urdu poet, who used the pen-name Zafar. His work was compiled as the Kuliyaat-e-Zafar (Urdu: Collected Works of Zafar Notes and references)

  1. Bahadur Shah II (Urdu: بہادر شاہ دوم), better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, born Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar (Urdu: ابو ظفر سِراجُ الْدین محمد بُہادر شاہ ظفر)
  2. British Library, "William Dalrymple on Bahadur Shah II of India," May 2007; retrieved 2012-9-22.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Bahadur Shah II at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Akbar Shah II
Mughal Emperor
1837 – 1858
Succeeded by
Victoria of the United Kingdom
as Empress of India