Betty Archdale

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Betty Archdale
Personal information
Full nameHelen Elizabeth Archdale
Born(1907-08-21)21 August 1907
Paddington, London, England
Died1 January 2000(2000-01-01) (aged 92)
Killara, New South Wales, Australia
RelationsHelen Archdale (mother)
Alexander Archdale (brother)
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 1)28 December 1934 v Australia
Last Test13 July 1937 v Australia
Domestic team information
Career statistics
Competition WTest WFC
Matches 5 13
Runs scored 133 266
Batting average 26.60 15.64
100s/50s 0/0 0/0
Top score 32* 32*
Catches/stumpings 1/– 2/–
Source: CricketArchive, 12 March 2021

Helen Elizabeth Archdale (21 August 1907 – 1 January 2000) was an English woman. She was an educationalist and she played the sport cricket. She played as a right-handed batter, and she played in 5 Test matches for England between 1934 and 1937. Archdale was the first captain of England's cricket team. She led them on their first tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1934/35. She played cricket in Britain for many regional teams and for Kent.[1][2]

Biography[change | change source]

Archdale was born in London. Her mother was Helen Archdale (née Russel), a well-known woman who worked to get women the right to vote in Britain.[3] Helen Archdale was also an Irish professional soldier in the British Army. She died in World War I when she was eleven. Her godmother was Emmeline Pankhurst.

Archdale went to Bedales School in Hampshire, where she learned to play cricket, and to St Leonards School in St Andrews, Fife.[4]

After school, Archdale went to McGill University in Montreal. She graduated in 1929 with a BA in Economics and Political Science. She studied law in London. She did some studying in the Soviet Union. In 1938, she was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn.[5]

During World War II, Archdale served in the Women's Royal Naval Service as a wireless operator in Singapore. She arrived in July 1941 at the head of a group of forty women trained in wireless telegraphy.[6] She was awarded an Order of the British Empire for helping nurses escape from the fighting.[5]

Archdale moved to Australia in 1946. She was appointed principal of Sydney University's "Women's College". She had that job for 10 years. Archdale was a member of the University Senate for 25 years, and she was a television and radio personality throughout the 1960s.[5]

Archdale was headmistress of the private girls school Abbotsleigh in Wahroonga, Sydney for 12 years atarting in 1958. Archdale changed things in the school: She started sex education and said the girls' uniforms did not have to have hats and gloves. She also added physics and said the school should teach more Australian history than British history. She lived on an estate in Galston, Sydney with her brother Alexander Archdale, an actor.[5]

Honours and legacy[change | change source]

In 1997, Archdale was listed as a National Living Treasure.[7] In March 1999, Archdale was one of the first ten women to be given Honorary Life Membership of Marylebone Cricket Club in England.[8] She died on 1 January 2000 at the age of 92, in Sydney.[5]

The Association of Heads of Independent Girls' Schools, 'Archdale Debating' competition (for Sydney's Private and Catholic Girls' schools) is named in her honour.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Player Profile: Betty Archdale". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  2. "Player Profile: Betty Archdale". CricketArchive. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  3. "LEADING BRITISH FEMINIST IN SYDNEY". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 25 October 1946. p. 9. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  4. David Doughan (2004) "Archdale, Helen Alexander (1876–1949)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Philip Jones (16 February 2000) Obituary: Betty Archdale, The Guardian, London
  6. 'History of Far East Combined Bureau and H.M.S. Anderson', typescript in the National Archives, HW 4/25, chapter 2, p. 10.
  7. "15 new Living National Treasures". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 March 2004. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  8. "MCC delivers first 10 maidens". BBC News. 16 March 1999. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  9. "Archdale Debating". Association of Heads of Independent Girls Schools. Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2019.

Other websites[change | change source]

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Deirdre Macpherson, The Suffragette's Daughter: Betty Archdale, Her Life of Feminism, Cricket, War and Education, Rosenberg Publishing, Dural
  • FitzSimons, Peter (2006). Great Australian Sports Champions. Harper Collins Publishers. ISBN 0-7322-8517-8.