Bluebell

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Bluebell
2401 Bluebells.jpg
Hyacinthoides × massartiana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Hyacinthoides
Heist. ex P. C. Fabricius
Type species
Hyacinthoides hispanica
(Mill.) Rothm.
Synonyms [1]
  • Usteria Medik.
  • Hylomenes Salisb.
  • Hyacinthoides Medik.
  • Endymion Dumort.
  • Agraphis Link
  • Lagocodes Raf.
  • Somera Salisb.
  • Apsanthea Jord. in Jordan & Fourreau
Colonel's Covert, East Leake, South Nottinghamshire

Bluebells are a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, Hyacinthoides.

Bluebells are famous as indicator species (markers) for ancient woodland, where they carpet the forest floor in springtime. They grow in shade rather than in sunny areas.

Hyacinthoides is differentiated by the presence of two bracts at the base of each flower, rather than one bract per flower or no bracts in other closely-related genera.[2]

Species[change | change source]

According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of July 2012, the genus contains 11 species and one interspecific hybrid.[3] Most species are distributed around the Mediterranean Basin, with only one species in northwestern Europe.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Michael Grundmann; Fred J. Rumsey; Stephen W. Ansell; Stephen J. Russell; Sarah C. Darwin; Johannes C. Vogel; Mark Spencer; Jane Squirrell et al. (2010). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the bluebell genus Hyacinthoides, Asparagaceae [Hyacinthaceae]". Taxon 59 (1): 68–82. https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/45354374/Phylogeny_and_taxonomy_of_the_bluebell_g20160504-15714-bca17s.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1506085225&Signature=4ImJ6q6XYb71n2owyID7DtTIse0%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DPhylogeny_and_taxonomy_of_the_bluebell_g.pdf.
  2. Stace, Clive A. 2010. "Asparagaceae – asparagus family". New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 914–923. ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5. 
  3. "Search for "Hyacinthoides"". World checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  4. Grundmann, Michael et al 2010. "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the bluebell genus Hyacinthoides, Asparagaceae [Hyacinthaceae]". Taxon 59 (1): 68–82. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2010/00000059/00000001/art00008.

Other websites[change | change source]