Bob Hawke

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Hon. Bob Hawke
Bob Hawke (8215439313).jpg
23rd Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991
Preceded byMalcolm Fraser
Succeeded byPaul Keating
ConstituencyWills (Victoria)
Personal details
Born (1929-12-09) 9 December 1929 (age 89)
Bordertown, South Australia
Political partyLabor
Spouse(s)Hazel Masterson (m.1956–95)
Blanche d'Alpuget (m. 1995–present)

Robert James Lee "Bob" Hawke (born 9 December 1929) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia as leader of the Australian Labor Party.[1] He was the third longest serving Prime Minister of Australia.

Political career[change | change source]

He was a union leader before he entered parliament in 1980. He became leader only a little while before the 1983 election but he defeated Malcolm Fraser. His government made many changes, like the Whitlam government, but did it more slowly and with more planning. His government moved Labor to the right economically. His leadership was challenged twice by Paul Keating. He lost the second time and retired.

By July 1990, Hawke had overtaken Malcolm Fraser as the second longest-serving Australian Prime Minister but on 21 December 2004 the record was overtaken by John Howard, making Hawke the third longest serving Prime Minister.

Personal life[change | change source]

Hawke has been married twice. During office, he was married to Hazel Hawke née Masterson, a respected "first lady". Just before Hawke became prime minister, author Blanche d'Alpuget wrote a biography about him. Hawke married d'Alpuget in 1995.[2]

In late December 2018, Hawke revealed that he was in "terrible health" and while predicting a Labour win in the upcoming 2019 election, Hawke said he "may not witness the party's success".[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. corporateName=National Archives of Australia; address=Queen Victoria Terrace, Parkes. "About - Robert Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991) and Hazel Hawke". primeministers.naa.gov.au.
  2. corporateName=National Archives of Australia; address=Queen Victoria Terrace, Parkes. "Hazel Hawke - Robert Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991) and Hazel Hawke". primeministers.naa.gov.au.
  3. "Bob Hawke reveals 'terrible health' as he tips Labor to win federal election". ABC. Retrieved 29 December 2018.

Other websites[change | change source]

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