Tony Abbott

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The Honourable
Tony Abbott
28th Prime Minister of Australia
Elections: 2013
In office
18 September 2013 – 15 September 2015
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Quentin Bryce
Peter Cosgrove
Deputy Warren Truss
Preceded by Kevin Rudd
Succeeded by Malcom Turnbull
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
1 December 2009 – 14 September 2015
Deputy Julie Bishop
Preceded by Malcolm Turnbull
Succeeded by Malcolm Turnbull
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 December 2009 – 18 September 2013
Deputy Julie Bishop
Preceded by Malcolm Turnbull
Succeeded by Chris Bowen
Minister for Health and Ageing
In office
7 October 2003 – 3 December 2007
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Kay Patterson
Succeeded by Nicola Roxon
Leader of the House
In office
26 November 2001 – 3 December 2007
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Peter Reith
Succeeded by Anthony Albanese
Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for the Public Service
In office
26 November 2001 – 7 October 2003
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by David Kemp
Succeeded by Kevin Andrews
Minister for Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business
In office
21 October 1998 – 7 October 2003
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Peter Reith
Succeeded by Kevin Andrews
10th Chairperson of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
18 September 2013 – 15 November 2013
Preceded by Kevin Rudd
Succeeded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Warringah
Assumed office
26 March 1994
Preceded by Michael MacKellar
Majority 27,421 (15.35%)
Personal details
Born Anthony John Abbott
4 November 1957 (1957-11-04) (age 58)
London, United Kingdom
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Other political
Spouse(s) Margie Aitken (1988–present)
Children 3
Residence Kirribilli House (Sydney)
Australian Federal Police College (Canberra)[1]
Alma mater University of Sydney
Queen's College, Oxford
St Patrick's Seminary, Manly
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Prime Minister's website
Official website

Anthony John "Tony" Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian politician, former Prime Minister of Australia from 18 September 2013 until 15 September 2015, and parliamentary leader of the Liberal Party. He took over from Malcolm Turnbull on 1 December 2009, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Turnbull on 15 September 2015.

Early life[change | change source]

Abbott was born in London, England to an Australian mother; her father was Dutch; her mother was Welsh. Abbott's father was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, moved to Australia during the Second World War and is an unconfirmed naturalized Australian citizen.[2] Abbott was raised in Sydney, Australia and is a Roman Catholic.[3] He studied economics and law at Sydney University, and then did a Master of Arts in politics and philosophy at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar.[4][5] When he came back to Australia he entered St. Patricks Seminary in Manly where he began training as a priest.[4] He did not complete his priest training[4] and in 1990 he started work as a journalist writing for the Bulletin magazine and the Australian newspaper.[6] From 1990-1993 Abbott worked as press secretary and an advisor to Dr. John Hewson, who was the Leader of the Opposition.[6] He then worked as the executive director of Australians for a Constitutional Monarchy.[6] He was elected to the Federal Parliament for the Division of Warringah in a by-election in 1994 after Michael McKellar resigned.[7]

Politics[change | change source]

In 1998 Prime Minister John Howard made Abbott the Minister for Employment Services and in 2001 was promoted to Minister for Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business.[4] In 2003 Abbott was the Minister for Health and Ageing, and Leader of the House of Representatives in the Federal Parliament.[4] After the defeat of the Howard Government in 2007 he was Shadow Minister for Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. He resigned on the 26 November 2009 in protest against Liberal Party policy on climate change.[8] He then defeated the leader Malcolm Turnbull by only one vote in a Liberal Party leadership election on 1 December, 2009.[4]

Opposition leader[change | change source]

Abbott led the party to the 2010 Federal Election. Following the narrow victory of the Australian Labor Party, Abbott was re-elected leader of the Liberal Party and remained Leader of the Opposition.

Prime Minister[change | change source]

At the 2013 federal election on 7 September, Abbott led the Coalition to victory and became Prime Minister on 18 September 2013.

Beliefs[change | change source]

Abbott has always held strong conservative and religious views and has not been afraid to speak out on controversial issues. Combined with his earlier training as a priest this has led to his being given the nickname of the "Mad Monk".[2] Abbott for example does not support the right of women to have an abortion.[9] As Minister for Health he created a huge protest in 2006 when he tried to ban a drug used for abortions.[4] In 2012 he was criticised by Australian lawyer Julian Burnside for saying that refugees trying to reach Australia were acting in an un-Christian way.[10] Abbott's policies for the 2013 Australian election includes a plan to stop refugee boats coming to Australia.[11] He does not support marriage equality which would let same sex couples get married.[12]

Personal life[change | change source]

Abbott is a very keen sportsman, and regularly takes part in competitions. He is currently in training for the 2014 Port Macquarie Ironman contest. This is a race with a 3.9km swim, 180km bicycle ride, and finishing with a 42.2km run.[12] Abbott is married with three daughters.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hurst, Daniel (15 September 2013). "Tony Abbott opts for modest lodgings". Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Woolford, Don (26 Novemberhi n 2009). "Tony Abbott, Mad Monk and honest larrikin". Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  3. BBC profile
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named facts.
  5. Warne-Smith, Drew (10 August 2010). "Top Lib wins respect by degrees". Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Tony Abbott MHR - Biography". 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  7. "Warringah - 2010 Federal Election". 2013 [last update]. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  8. ttp://
  9. Abbott, Tony (2004). "Rate of abortion highlights our moral failings". Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  10. Burnside, Julian (11 July 2012). "Boat people un-Christian? Wrong, Mr Abbott". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  11. Salna, Karlis (14 October 2012). "I'll turn the boats back, Abbott insists". Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Gordon, Michael (4 May 2013). "No revisiting gay marriage: Abbott". Retrieved 20 May 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]

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