Book of Leviticus

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Leviticus (lih-vih-tih-kus) is the third book of both the Bible, and the Torah. In Hebrew it is known as Wayiqra' (וַיִּקְרָא), meaning 'And He will declare.' It was written by the Old Testament Patriarch Moses. Leviticus was written to the Hebrew people of Israel. The book has several main topics, some of which are the Jewish laws of sacrificing to God, and the work of the priests. These priests are sometimes known as Levites (what this book is named after).

When was it written[change | change source]

It was likely developed over a long period of time, reaching its present form during the Persian empire (Yehud Madinata) between 538-332 BCE. Other sources say this book probably was written around 1300 B.C.[1]

Summary[change | change source]

God says a bunch of other stuff to Moses. God asks Moses to repeat what He said to Moses' friends, the Israelites.

Continuing from Exodus the Israelites are escaping Egypt. They reach the Biblical Mount Sinai. In Exodus, Moses learned from God how to build the holy tabernacle (a tent for praying). In Leviticus God teaches Moses and the Levites how to make sacrifices to the tabernacle and how to behave in a good way.

The first few chapters are God's laws for how to make sacrifices.[2]

Then Moses sacrifices Aaron to God. This is to set an example of how the priests should make sacrifices.[3]

Then God teaches the people how to eat right and be clean.[4]

The rest of the book describes more on how priests, the Levites, should act (for example Day of Atonement, Holiness code).[5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. IVP New Bible Commentary 21st century edition pp 121,22
  2. Grabbe (2006), p. 208
  3. Kugler, Hartin, p. 82
  4. Kugler, Hartin, pp. 82–83
  5. Kugler, Hartin, p. 83
  6. Kugler, Hartin, pp. 83–84

Other websites[change | change source]