Buddha's hand

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Buddha's hand
Buddhas hand 1.jpg
Buddha's hand fruit, "open hand" appearance when ripe
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. medica
Variety: C. m. var. sarcodactylis
Trinomial name
Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis
(Siebold ex Hoola van Nooten) Swingle

Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis, or the fingered citron, is an unusually shaped citron variety. The fruit is segmented into finger-like sections, like those seen on pictures and statues of Buddha. It is called Buddha's hand in Nepali(Buddha ko haat). Chinese (佛手柑), Japanese (仏手柑), Korean (불수감) and Vietnamese (Phật thủ).

The different types of this citron variety have shapes from "open-hand" types with outward-splayed segments to "closed-hand" types, in which the fingers are kept together. There are also half-fingered fruits, in which the basal side is united and the apical side fingered. The origin of this kind of citron can be traced back to Nepal or China, where most domesticated citrus fruits originate.[1] It has a sweet, lemon blossom aroma and no juice or pulp. The mild-tasting pith is not bitter, so the fruit can be zested or used whole.

References[change | change source]

  1. Karp, David , Winter 1998 Buddha's Hand Citron, Flavor and Fortune, Vol. 5, No. 4 pg 5–6, Institute for the Advancement of the Science and Art of Chinese Cuisine, Kings Park, NY