Cape Colony

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Cape Colony
Flag of Cape Colony
Anthem: God Save the King
(God Save the Queen 1837–1901)
The Cape Colony ca. 1890 with Griqualand East and Griqualand West annexed and Stellaland/Goshen (in light red) claimed
The Cape Colony ca. 1890
with Griqualand East and Griqualand West annexed
and Stellaland/Goshen (in light red) claimed
StatusBritish colony
CapitalCape Town
Common languagesEnglish, Dutch ¹
Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Historical eraScramble for Africa
• Established
• Disestablished
1822[1]331,900 km2 (128,100 sq mi)
1910569,020 km2 (219,700 sq mi)
• 1822[1]
• 1865 census[2]
• 1910
CurrencyPound sterling
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dutch Cape Colony
British Bechuanaland
Union of South Africa
Today part of South Africa ²
¹ Dutch was the sole official language until 1806, when the British officially replaced Dutch with English. Dutch was reincluded as a second official language in 1882.
² Except for the exclave of Walvis Bay, which is now part of Namibia.

The Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie) was the name of a colony based around the Cape of Good Hope, in southern Africa. It was first established in 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck as a governorate of the Dutch East India Company. It was captured by the British in 1795 and returned to the Dutch in 1802. In 1806 it was again captured by the British. It united with three other British colonies in 1910 to form the Union of South Africa when it was renamed the "Cape Province". Its capital was Cape Town, the modern-day legislative capital of the Republic of South Africa.

Lists of Leaders[change | change source]

1795–1820 George III
1820–1830 George IV
1830–1837 William IV
1837–1901 Queen Victoria
1901–1910 Edward VII
1910 George V
Governors[3][n1 1]
1797–1798 George Macartney
1799-1801 George Younge
1803-1806 Lieut-Gen Jan Willems Jansen[n1 2]
1807-1811 Earl of Caledon
1811-1814 Francis Cradock
1814-1826 Lord Charles Somerset
1828-1833 Galbraith Cole
1834-1838 Benjamin D'Urban
1834-1844 Thomas Napier
1847 Henry Pottinger
1847-1852 Henry Smith
1852-1854 George Cathcart
1854-1861 Sir George Grey
1862-1870 Philip Wodehouse
1870-1877 Henry Barkly
1877-1880 Bartle Frere
1881-1889 Hercules Robinson
1889-1895 Henry Loch
1895-1897 Hercules Robinson
(Lord Rosemead)
1897-1901 Alfred Milner
1901–1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson


  1. Acting governors and lieutenant governors are not in this list
  2. Under Dutch Government

Prime Ministers[3]
1872–1878 John Charles Molteno
1872-1878 John Gordon Sprigg
1881-1884 Thomas Charles Scanlen
1884-1886 Thomas Uppington
1886-1890 Gordon Sprigg
1890-1896 Cecil John Rhodes
1896-1896 Gordon Sprigg
1898-1900 William Philip Schreiner
1900-1904 Gordon Sprigg
1904-1908 Leander Starr Jameson
1908–1910 John X. Merriman

References[change | change source]

  1. Alexander Wilmot; John Centlivres Chase (1869). History of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope: From Its Discovery to the Year 1819. J. C. Juta. pp. 268–. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  2. "Census of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope. 1865". HathiTrust Digital Library. p. 11. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Walker, Eric A (1928). A History of Southern Africa. London: Longmans. pp. xvii–xx.