Cerkno

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Cerkno
View of the town of Cerkno
View of the town of Cerkno
Map showing, in red, Cerkno
Map showing, in red, Cerkno
Coordinates: 46°7′41.81″N 13°59′29.5″E / 46.1282806°N 13.991528°E / 46.1282806; 13.991528Coordinates: 46°7′41.81″N 13°59′29.5″E / 46.1282806°N 13.991528°E / 46.1282806; 13.991528
Country Slovenia
Traditional regionalLittoral
Statistical regionGoriška
Government
 • MayorMiran Ciglič
Area
 • Total131.5 km2 (50.8 sq mi)
Elevation355 m (1,165 ft)
Population
 (2017)[3]
 • Total4,602
 • Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
5282
ISO 3166-2SI-014
WebsiteOfficial website

Cerkno (Italian: Circhina, German: Kirchheim) is a small Slovenian town that is the administrative centre of the Municipality of Cerkno (Slovene: Občina Cerkno). It is an economic and cultural centre of the Cerkno Hills (Slovene: Cerkljansko) region.

The municipality of Cerkno was established on 10 March 1994.[4] Its administrative centre is the town of Cerkno and is well known for its ski resort.

Geography[change | change source]

The municipality of Cerkno is in western Slovenia and is part of the Goriška statistical region. The town of Cerkno is at an altitude of 355 m (1,165 ft),[2]

The municipality has an area 131.5 km2 (50.8 sq mi),[1] and a population, in 2017, of 4,602: 2,352 men and 2,250 women.[3] Its population density is of 35.0 inhabitants/km2.

The municipality of Cerkno is surrounded by the following municipalities: Železniki to the northeast, Gorenja vas-Poljanej to the east, Idrija to the south, Tolmin to the west and northwest.[5]

The main river in the municipality is the Idrijca river. The Cerknica is a small river, tributary of the Idrijca, that flows through the town of Cerkno.

History[change | change source]

Historically, the Cerkno Hills region was part of the Tolmin County. In the 16th century, the area came under the rule of the House of Habsburg. After the end of World War I, the area was occupied by the Italian Army, and then officially annexed to Italy in 1920.

Saint Anne's Church

Settlements[change | change source]

There are 30 settlements (Slovene: Naselja) in the municipality; the main is Cerkno, which is the administrative centre of the municipality.

Tourism[change | change source]

Cerkno is well known for the Laufarija carnival, a festival during spring with carved wooden masks, and also by the Franja Partisan Hospital (Slovene: Partizanska bolnica Franja), a hospital from World War II, that is to northeast of the town of Cerkno and to the west of Dolenji Novaki.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Communes of Slovenia". Statoids. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Nadmorska višina naselij, kjer so sedeži občin" [Height above sea level of seats of municipalities] (in Slovene and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. Retrieved 2 December 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population by sex, municipalities and settlements, Slovenia, 1 January 2017" (xls). Statistical Office of Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  4. Milenković, Aleksandar (2007). "Vzpostavitev lokalne samouprave v Republiki Sloveniji v številkah" [The Establishment of the Local Self-Government in the Republic of Slovenia in Numbers] (pdf) (in Slovene). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-961-239-131-7. Retrieved 10 September 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  5. "Municipality of Cerkno - map" (in Slovene). Geopedia.si. 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

Other websites[change | change source]