View of the town of Idrija
Map showing, in red, Idrija
|• Mayor||Bojan Sever|
|• Total||293.7 km2 (113.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||340 m (1,120 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Official name||Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija|
|Designated||2012 (36th session)|
|Region||Europe and North America|
Idrija (Italian: Idria, German: Idria) is a small Slovenian town that is the administrative centre of the Municipality of Idrija (Slovene: Občina Idrija). It is known for its mercury mine and the production of lace.
Geography[change | change source]
The municipality of Idrija is surrounded by the following municipalities: Cerkno to the north, Žiri to the northeast, Logatec to the east and southeast, Ajdovščina to the south and soutwest, Nova Gorica (a short border) to the west and Tolmin to the northwest.
The main river in the municipality is the Idrijca river, that flows through the town of Idrija; the river gives its name to the main town of the muncipality, Idrija.
History[change | change source]
In 1497, deposits of mercury were discovered in Idrija. This is one of the only places in the world where one can find mercury in both its liquid form and like cinnabar (mercuric sulfide). It was only in the 1980s that the mine was closed.
From 1783 to 1918 the region of Idrija was part of Austria-Hungary. After World War II, it was annexed to Italy. Under Italian rule (1918–1943), the area that is now the Municipality of Idrija was a comune of the Province of Gorizia (as Idria).
Settlements[change | change source]
Tourism[change | change source]
Some tourist places in and around Indrija are:
- Mercury mine. The mine entrance known as Anthony's Shaft (Slovene: Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels; the lower levels are closed.
- Gewerkenegg Castle. It was used by the administration of the mercury mine during 400 years.
- Wild Lake (Slovene: Divje jezero). It is a lake near Idrija. The lake is the source of the Jezernica river, a tributary of the Idrijca and, at Template:Conver long, the shortest river in Slovenia.
Sister cities[change | change source]
Idrija is twinned with:
Gallery[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Communes of Slovenia". Statoids. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Nadmorska višina naselij, kjer so sedeži občin" [Height above sea level of seats of municipalities] (in Slovenian and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Population by sex, municipalities and settlements, Slovenia, 1 January 2017" (xls). Statistical Office of Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Milenković, Aleksandar (2007). "Vzpostavitev lokalne samouprave v Republiki Sloveniji v številkah" [The Establishment of the Local Self-Government in the Republic of Slovenia in Numbers] (pdf) (in Slovenian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-961-239-131-7. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Municipality of Idrija - map" (in Slovenian). Geopedia.si. 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Municipality of Idrija - map" (in Slovenian). Občina Idrija. Archived from the original on 1 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Idrija.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide about: Idrija|