From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Location Hyderabad, Telengana, India
17°21′41″N 78°28′28″E / 17.36139°N 78.47444°E / 17.36139; 78.47444Coordinates: 17°21′41″N 78°28′28″E / 17.36139°N 78.47444°E / 17.36139; 78.47444
Established 1596
Branch/tradition Shia Muslim
Administration Quli Qutub Shah
Architectural information
Style Indo IRANIAN Islamic architecture
Height (max) 56 metres
Minaret(s) 4
Minaret height 48.7 metres (160 ft)

The Charminar is a monument in Hyderabad, India. The structure was built in 1591 AD. It is the most famous building of Hyderabad and also one of the most famous buildings in India.[1] It was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shahi to celebrate the end of a deadly plague.[2] The Charminar lies near the bank of the river Musi. It is close to Laad Bazaar and Makkah Masjid.[2] Charminar is taken from two words Char and Minar which translate as Four Towers in English.[2]

Some people write Charminar was the first structure to be constructed in the newly built city of Hyderabad.[3] It is said that Quli Qutab Shahi prayed for the end of the plague and vowed to build a mosque if it was eradicated.[4] Mir Momin Astarabadi, the prime minister of Qutb Shah played an important role in the design and layout of Charminar and the city of Hyderabad.[5] The structure is of Indo-Islamic architecture with some Persian elements. The city of Hyderabad was divided into four divisions equally around the Charminar.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Richard Goslan travels to India - Herald Scotland". Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Charminar: Hyderabad, Britannica Compton's Encyclopedia
  3. "The Qutb Shahi monuments of Hyderabad-Golconda Fort, Qutb Shachi Tombs, Charminar". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  4. "India: Charminar is in fact a madrasa and masjid". IRIB World Service. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  5. Sardar (2007). Golconda through time: A mirror of the evolving Deccan (Thesis). New York University. ISBN UMI Number:3269810. 
  6. Gayer, Lauren; Lynton, Christophe Jaffrelot (2011). Muslims in Indian cities: trajectories of marginalisation. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-80085-3. Retrieved 27 March 2013.