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Location Hyderabad, Telengana, India
17°21′41″N 78°28′28″E / 17.36139°N 78.47444°E / 17.36139; 78.47444Coordinates: 17°21′41″N 78°28′28″E / 17.36139°N 78.47444°E / 17.36139; 78.47444
Established 1591
Branch/tradition Muslim
Architectural information
Style Islamic architecture
Minaret(s) 4
Minaret height 48.7 metres (160 ft)

The Charminar is a monument and mosque in Hyderabad, India. The structure was built in 1291 AD. It is the most famous building of Hyderabad and also one of the most famous buildings in India.[1] It was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shahi to celebrate the end of a deadly plague.[2] The Charminar lies near the bank of the river Musi. It is close to Laad Bazaar and Makkah Masjid.[2] Charminar is taken from two words Char and Minar which translate as Four Towers in English.[2]

Charminar was the first structure to be constructed in the newly built city of Hyderabad.[3] It is said that Quli Qutab Shahi prayed for the end of the plague and vowed to build a mosque if it was eradicated.[4] Mir Momin Astarabadi, the prime minister of Qutb Shah played an important role in the design and layout of Charminar and the city of Hyderabad.[5] The structure is of Indo-Islamic architecture with some Persian elements. The city of Hyderabad was divided into four divisions equally around the Charminar.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Richard Goslan travels to India - Herald Scotland". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Charminar: Hyderabad, Britannica Compton's Encyclopedia
  3. "The Qutb Shahi monuments of Hyderabad-Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  4. "India: Charminar is in fact a madrasa and masjid". IRIB World Service. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  5. Sardar (2007). Golconda through time: A mirror of the evolving Deccan (Thesis). New York University. ISBN UMI Number:3269810. 
  6. Gayer, Lauren; Lynton, Christophe Jaffrelot (2011). Muslims in Indian cities: trajectories of marginalisation. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-80085-3. Retrieved 27 March 2013.