Chitral

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Chitral

  • چھترار
  • چترال
Clockwise from top: view of Chitral valley and snowcapped peak of Tirich Mir, Chitral's Shahi Qilla, Shahi Mosque, Chitral Fort
Clockwise from top: view of Chitral valley and snowcapped peak of Tirich Mir, Chitral's Shahi Qilla, Shahi Mosque, Chitral Fort
Chitral is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Chitral
Chitral
Location of Chitral
Chitral is located in Pakistan
Chitral
Chitral
Chitral (Pakistan)
Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictChitral District
Government
 • BodyMNA
 • MNA (NA-32)Iftikhar ud Din (APML)[1]
Area
 • Total57 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation1,493 m (4,898 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialKhowar[3]
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
PIN
1720 – 0xx[4]
Websitechitral.gov.pk

Chitral (Urdu: چترال, Khowar: چھترار) is the capital of the Chitral District in Pakistan. It is on the western bank of the Chitral River. It has a population of 20,000.

Languages[change | change source]

Chitral is place of great language diversity. The official language are Urdu and English, though Khowar is the most spoken language. Most languages in Chitral are either Dardic languages, Iranic languages, or Nuristani languages. Around 24 languages are spoken in Chitral[5] including Central Asian Arabic, Balti, Burushaski, Dameli, Domaaki, Dari Farsi, Dangariwar, Gawar-Bati, Kalasha-mun, Kalkoti, Kamviri, Kohistani, Khowar, Kyrgyz, Madaklashti, Munji, Palula, Shekhani, Shina, Torwali, Turkmen, Ushoji, Uzbek, Waigali, Wakhi, and Yidgha.

Norwegian linguist Georg Morgenstierne wrote that Chitral is the area of the greatest linguistic diversity in the world.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Personal Profile". na.gov.pk. National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  2. "Geography of Chitral". Chitralnews.com. Archived from the original on 2018-10-09. Retrieved 2015-11-06.
  3. "INDO-IRANIAN FRONTIER LANGUAGES". Encyclopaedia Iranica. 15 November 2006. Retrieved 2015-11-06.
  4. "Post Codes". Pakistan Post Office. Archived from the original on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  5. https://lowerchitral.kp.gov.pk/page/about
  6. https://books.google.com/books/about/Notes_on_Phal%C5%AB%E1%B9%9Ba.html?id=BQz4tgEACAAJ

Other websites[change | change source]