DNA damage[change | edit source]
In human cells, both normal metabolic activities and environmental factors such as UV light can cause DNA damage, resulting in as many as 1 million individual molecular lesions per cell per day. Many of these lesions cause structural damage to the DNA molecule and can alter or eliminate the cell's ability to the gene that the affected DNA encodes. Other lesions induce potentially harmful mutations in the cell's genome, which affect the survival of its daughter cells after it undergoes mitosis. Consequently, the DNA repair process must be constantly active so it can respond rapidly to any damage in the DNA structure.
DNA repair[change | edit source]
The rate of DNA repair is dependent on many factors, including the cell type, the age of the cell, and the extracellular environment.
References[change | edit source]
- Lodish H, Berk A, Matsudaira P, Kaiser CA, Krieger M, Scott MP, Zipursky SL, Darnell J. (2004). Molecular Biology of the Cell, p963. WH Freeman: New York, NY. 5th ed.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- A comprehensive list of Human DNA Repair Genes
- 3D structures of some DNA repair enzymes
- Human DNA repair diseases
- DNA repair special interest group
- DNA Repair
- DNA Damage and DNA Repair
- Segmental Progeria