It is a psychological effect in which people don't realize their level of knowledge on a subject. People who know little about a subject think that they know more than they actually know. Also, people who know a lot about a subject may think that they know less than they do.
The investigators said:
- "The miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others".
References[change | change source]
- Kruger, Justin; Dunning, David 1999. Unskilled and unaware of It: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77 (6): 1121–34.