E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
|E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial|
|Directed by||Steven Spielberg|
|Produced by||Steven Spielberg|
|Written by||Melissa Mathison|
|Music by||John Williams|
|Edited by||Carol Littleton|
|Distributed by||Universal Studios|
|May 26, 1982 (Cannes) |
June 11, 1982 (United States)
|Box office||$792.9 million|
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction movie produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and written by Melissa Mathison. It follows the eponymous alien, who is stranded on Earth. A boy and his family keep it hidden from the group of government agents, while bringing it home.
Filming took place from September to December 1981 on a budget of $10.5 million (equivalent to $25 million in 2019 dollars).
Released on June 11, 1982, by Universal Pictures, E.T. was an immediate blockbuster, surpassing Star Wars to become the highest-grossing movie of all time—a record it held for 11 years until Jurassic Park, another Spielberg movie, surpassed it. E.T. was widely acclaimed by critics and is considered to be one of the greatest movies of all time. It was re-released in 1985, and again in 2002, to celebrate its 20th anniversary, with altered shots and additional scenes.
Cast[change | change source]
- Henry Thomas as Elliott, a ten-year-old boy who forms a bond with E.T..
- Robert MacNaughton as Michael, Elliott's brother.
- Drew Barrymore as Gertie, Elliott's sister.
- Dee Wallace as Mary, Elliott's mother. She does not notice the alien's presence in her household.
- Peter Coyote as "Keys", one of the government agents.
- K. C. Martel, Sean Frye and C. Thomas Howell as Greg, Steve and Tyler, Michael's friends.
- Erika Eleniak as the girl whom Elliott kisses.
The major voice work for E.T. was Pat Welsh, an elderly woman who lived in Marin County, California. Welsh smoked two packets of cigarettes a day, which gave her voice a quality that sound effects creator Ben Burtt liked. Burtt also recorded 16 other people and various animals to create E.T.'s "voice". These included Spielberg; Debra Winger; Burtt's sleeping wife, who had a cold; a burp from his USC movie professor; and raccoons, sea otters, and horses.
Doctors working at the USC Medical Center were recruited to play the doctors who try to save E.T. Spielberg felt that actors in the roles, performing lines of medical talking, would come across as unnatural.
Reception[change | change source]
The movie was first shown at the closing gala of the 1982 Cannes Film Festival. It started in the United States on June 11, 1982. It opened at number one with a gross of $11 million. The movie was re-released in 1985 and 2002.
On September 17, 1982, the movie was shown at the United Nations, and Spielberg received the U.N. Peace Medal.
The movie was nominated for nine Oscars at the 55th Academy Awards, including Best Picture. Gandhi won that award, but its director, Richard Attenborough, declared "I was certain that not only would E.T. win, but that it should win. It was inventive, powerful, [and] wonderful. I make more mundane movies." It won four Academy Awards: Best Original Score, Best Sound, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects. At the 40th Golden Globe Awards, the movie won Best Picture in the Drama category and Best Score; it was also nominated for Best Director, Best Screenplay, and Best New Male Star for Henry Thomas. The Los Angeles Film Critics Association awarded the movie Best Picture, Best Director, and a "New Generation Award" for Melissa Mathison. The movie won Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film, Best Writing, Best Special Effects, Best Music, and Best Poster Art, while Henry Thomas, Robert McNaughton, and Drew Barrymore won Young Artist Awards. Composer John Williams won a Grammy and a BAFTA for the score. It was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay.
References[change | change source]
- * E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial at Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. Archived 2011-11-26 at WebCite
- Stewart, Jocelyn (2008-02-10). "John Alvin, 59; created movie posters for such movies as 'Blazing Saddles' and 'E.T.'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2010-03-14. Retrieved 2008-02-10. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Steve Daly (2002-03-22). "Starry Role". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-04-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Making of E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial"--from the "E.T. Signature Collection LaserDisc", MCA/Universal Home Video, 1996
- Natalie Jamieson (2008-07-16). "The man who brings movies to life". Newsbeat. Retrieved 2008-07-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- E.T. — The Reunion (DVD). Universal, directed by Laurent Bouzereau. 2002.
- Roger Ebert (1985-08-09). "E.T.: The Second Coming". Movieline.
- "Festival de Cannes: E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-06-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "U.N. Finds E.T. O.K.". The Twilight Zone Magazine. February 1983.
- "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "E.T. Awards". Allmovie. Retrieved 2010-04-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Films Selected to The National Film Registry, Library of Congress 1989-2006". National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-02-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)