Jurassic Park (movie)

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Jurassic Park
Directed bySteven Spielberg
Produced byKathleen Kennedy
Gerald R. Molen
Written byScreenplay
David Koepp
Malia Scotch Marmo (uncredited)
Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
StarringSam Neill
Laura Dern
Jeff Goldblum
Richard Attenborough
Joseph Mazzello
Ariana Richards
Martin Ferrero
Bob Peck
Samuel L. Jackson
Wayne Knight
Music byJohn Williams
CinematographyDean Cundey
Edited byMichael Kahn
Distributed byUniversal Studios
Release date
June 11, 1993
Running time
127 minutes
Box office$914,691,118

Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. It was released on June 11, 1993, and got positive reviews.

Plot[change | change source]

John Hammond, the owner of a scientific company, creates a theme park on an island that has dinosaurs which have been brought back to life by being cloned. He invites Dr. Alan Grant, a man who studies dinosaurs and doesn't work well with kids, and Dr. Ellie Sattler, a woman who studies ancient plants, to visit the park.

Along with a mathematician named Ian Malcolm and a lawyer named Donald Gennaro, they go to the park and see a few dinosaurs, like Brachiosaurus. John says that the dinosaurs were brought back because of the dinosaur DNA found in some mosquitoes. To fix any broken parts of the DNA, they added the DNA of frogs to the dinosaurs. The dinosaurs were all made to be female so that they would not breed.

Lex and Tim Murphy, who are Hammond's grandkids, join the group. The group goes on a tour of the park in some Ford Explorer cars. A tropical storm heads towards the park, and it starts raining. Ellie is separated from the group when she tries to help a sick Triceratops. Dennis Nedry, a worker at the park, betrays Hammond so he can get money from another company, and he turns off the park's safety systems. The cars that the group are in aren't able to move anymore.

Many dinosaurs, including a T. rex, break out of their pens. The T. rex eats Donald, hurts Ian, and pushes a car off a cliff. As Dennis tries to escape the park, he gets killed by a Dilophosaurus.

Ellie, along with Robert Muldoon, a park worker, look for survivors. They rescue Malcolm and escape the T. rex in a Jeep. John, along with the park's main engineer named Ray Arnold, decide to reboot the park's systems. During the rebooting, the dangerous Velociraptors escape and start to wander the park.

When Ray goes missing, Ellie goes to finish the rebooting process. She finds that Ray has been killed, and she runs away from one raptor. Two of the raptors show up, and they surprise and kill Robert. Meanwhile, Alan, Lex, and Tim, spend the night in a tall tree. They make friends with a Brachiosaurus.

The next day, Alan, Lex, and Tim discover dinosaur eggs. At first, they are confused, since the dinosaurs are all female, and eggs can't be laid unless there is a male dinosaur involved. Alan figures out that the frog DNA in the dinosaur DNA allows the dinosaurs to change their genders.

They come across a group of running Gallimimus, and they head towards an electric fence. When the park's power turns back on, Tim gets shocked by the fence and gets hurt. As Alan goes to look for Ellie, Lex and Tim are hunted by the raptors in a kitchen. They escape and meet up with Alan and Ellie. All four of them end up cornered by the raptors in the park's atrium, but the T. rex arrives and kills the raptors.

John, Alan, Ellie, Ian, Lex, and Tim, all survive, and leave the park in a helicopter. John is disappointed that the park was unsuccessful, but Ellie is happy that Alan has learned to get along with kids.

Production[change | change source]

The movie was based off a book by Michael Crichton. A few people wanted to be the director of the movie, like Tim Burton. Eventually, Steven Spielberg was chosen to direct.

Filming the movie started in 1992 on Kaua'i, an island in Hawaii. The filming was stopped for a day because Hurricane Iniki passed over the island. A few of the scenes in the movie that involve rain were actually filmed during the hurricane. Other scenes were filmed in California, on a stage at Warner Bros. Studios, and in other places in Hawaii.

At first, the dinosaurs were going to be made using stop-motion, but Spielberg didn't think it looked real enough. The dinosaurs in the movie were created using ways called animatronics and CGI. The dinosaurs were either robots, puppets, or made with computers.

After filming for the movie was over, Spielberg monitored the effects work while he was in the country of Poland, where he was filming another movie, Schindler's List.

The music that plays in the movie was composed by John Williams.

Release[change | change source]

Jurassic Park got positive reviews, as many critics and moviegoers enjoyed it. Many people praised the movie's special effects and music. The movie was nominated for three Academy Awards (Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, and Best Visual Effects), and won all three.

At the time, Jurassic Park had made more money than any other movie. However, the movie Titanic ended up making even more money, breaking the record.

Country Premiere
 United States 11 June 1993
 Brazil 25 June 1993
 Colombia 2 July 1993
 Uruguay 2 July 1993
 El Salvador 9 July 1993
 Argentina 15 July 1993
 United Kingdom 16 July 1993
 Ireland 16 July 1993
 South Korea 17 July 1993
 Japan 24 July 1993
 Hong Kong 29 July 1993
 Philippines 11 August 1993
 New Zealand 20 August 1993
 Australia 2 September 1993
 Germany 2 September 1993
 Finland 3 September 1993
 Norway 3 September 1993
 Poland 3 September 1993
 Sweden 3 September 1993
 Bulgaria 17 September 1993
 Denmark 17 September 1993
 Italy 17 September 1993
 Turkey 17 September 1993
 Hungary 24 September 1993
 Spain 30 September 1993
 Greece 30 September 1993
 Netherlands 30 September 1993
 Portugal 1 October 1993
 Czech Republic 14 October 1993
 France 20 October 1993
 Romania 11 March 1994
 India 15 April 1994

Version 3-D[change | change source]

Country Premiere
 United Arab Emirates 4 April 2013
 Australia 4 April 2013
 Bahrain 4 April 2013
 Hong Kong 4 April 2013
 Kuwait 4 April 2013
 Serbia 4 April 2013
 Russia 4 April 2013
 Ukraine 4 April 2013
 India 5 April 2013
 United States 5 April 2013
Cambodia Cambodia 11 April 2013
 Pakistan 12 April 2013
 Slovenia 25 April 2013
 Belgium 1 May 2013
 France 1 May 2013
 Hungary 2 May 2013
 Netherlands 2 May 2013
 New Zealand 2 May 2013
 Bulgaria 3 May 2013
 Taiwan 3 May 2013
 Finland 10 May 2013
 South Africa 10 May 2013
 Philippines 29 May 2013
Malaysia Malaysia 30 May 2013
 Singapore 30 May 2013
 Thailand 30 May 2013
 Egypt 5 June 2013
 Sweden 5 June 2013
 Estonia 11 June 2013
 Iceland 12 June 2013
 Denmark 13 June 2013
 Norway 14 June 2013
 Romania 14 June 2013
 Greece 20 June 2013
 Portugal 20 June 2013
 South Korea 27 June 2013
 Israel 18 July 2013
 Turkey 9 August 2013
 Peru 15 August 2013
 Brazil 16 August 2013
 Ecuador 16 August 2013
 China 20 August 2013
 Bolivia 22 August 2013
 Spain 23 August 2013
 United Kingdom 23 August 2013
 Ireland 23 August 2013
 Mexico 23 August 2013
 Chile 29 August 2013
 Uruguay 29 August 2013
 Colombia 30 August 2013
 Germany 5 September 2013
 Venezuela 13 September 2013
 Portugal 1 October 2013
 Argentina 3 October 2013

Sequels[change | change source]

Jurassic Park has four sequels: The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997), Jurassic Park III (2001), Jurassic World (2015), and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018), Jurassic World: Dominium (2021). Animated web series include: LEGO Jurassic World: Legend of Isla Nublar, Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous.

References[change | change source]

  1. McBride. Joseph 1997. Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber, 416–9. ISBN 0-571-19177-0

Other websites[change | change source]