Eastern Development Region, Nepal
|Eastern Development Region (पुर्वाञ्चल - Purvāñcala)|
Dhankuta in rainy season
|Zones||Kosi, Mechi, Sagarmatha|
|Highest point||Mount Everest|
|- elevation||8,848 m (29,029 ft)|
|Lowest point||Kechana Kalan|
|- elevation||60 m (197 ft)|
|Area||28,456 km² (10,987 sq mi)|
|Population||5,811,555 (2011) |
|Density||204 /km² (528 /sq mi)|
Geography[change | change source]
The Eastern Development Region has Sikkim and West Bengal (India) to the east, Bihar (India) to the south, the Central Development Region to the west and the Tibet Autonomous Region (People's Republic of China) to the north.
It is the third largest Development Region of Nepal with an area of 28,456 km2 (10,987 sq mi) but the second in population with 5,811,555 (21.9% of total) people living there; its population density is 204.2 persons/km2.
The highest mountain in the region, and in the world, is Mount Everest; it is in the Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha Zone. The lowest point of Nepal, Kechana Kalan is also here, in the Jhapa district; it is near the Mechi river and close to the border with India.
The most important rivers in the Eastern Development Region are the Kosi (also spelled Kosi), tributary of the Ganges river; and the Mechi, tributary of the Mahananda River. Nepal's largest river system (the Kosi) and its highest waterfall (the Hyatrung in the Terhathum district) are found in this region. The Hyatrung waterfall ( ) is 365 m (1,198 ft) high.
Cities[change | change source]
The major cities of this region are Biratnagar, Dharan, Dhankuta, Itahari, Rajbiraj, Birtamod Urlabari and Damak. Other notable places are Namche Bazaar (the town near the base camp of Mt. Everest), Gaighat, Lahan, Ilam, etc.
Administrative subdivisions[change | change source]
The Eastern Development Region has 3 Zones, parallel to each other, with a total of 16 Districts, 893 Village Development Committees (VDCs), 1 Sub-metropolitan city, and 13 Municipalities; the zones and districts are:
|Kosi||2,335,047||9,669||241.5||6||Bhojpur, Dhankuta, Morang, Sankhuwasabha, Sunsari, Terhathum|
|Mechi||1,422,182||8,196||173.5||4||Ilam, Jhapa, Panchthar, Taplejung|
|Sagarmatha||2,054,326||10,591||194.0||6||Khotang, Okhaldhunga, Saptari, Siraha, Solukhumbu, Udayapur|
References[change | change source]
- "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (pdf). Central Bureau of Statistics. Kathmandu, Nepal. November 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "An overview of the Eastern Region of Nepal" (pdf). Biratnagar, Nepal: United Nations Nepal Information Platform. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Nepal: Administrative Division". City Population. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Regions of Nepal". Statoids. 2012-12-07. Retrieved 12 October 2013.