Emirate of Granada

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Emirate of Granada
إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ
Imarat Gharnāṭah
Tributary state of the Crown of Castile
1230–1492
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto
Wa lā ghāliba illā-llāh
(There is no victor but God)
Territory of the Nasrid Kingdom
Capital Granada
Languages Official language:
Classical Arabic
Other languages: Andalusi Arabic, Mozarabic, Berber, Ladino
Religion Majority religion:
Islam
Minority religions:
Christianity (Roman Catholicism), Judaism
Government Hereditary monarchy
Sultan
 •  1238–1273 Mohammed I ibn Nasr
 •  1487–1492 Muhammad XII
Historical era Late Middle Ages
 •  Established 1230
 •  Castilian conquest 1492
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Almohad Caliphate
Kingdom of Granada (Crown of Castile)
Today part of  Spain

 Gibraltar

 Morocco

The Emirate of Granada was established in 1238. As the Reconquista was very successful after the conquest of Cordoba in 1236, the emirate officially became a tributary state in 1238 and was called the Kingdom of Granada. The Nasrid emirs and kings were responsible for building most of the palaces in the Alhambra. The taifa became a vassal state of the Christian kingdom of Castile for the next 250 years. The Nasrid sultans and kings paid tribute to the Christian kings and cooperated with them in the battle against rebellious Muslims under Castilian rule.

On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim leader, Muhammad XII, surrendered complete control of Granada, to Ferdinand and Isabella, after the city was besieged.

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