Emirate of Granada

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Emirate of Granada
إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ
Imarat Gharnātah
1238–1492
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto
Wa lā gāliba illā-llāh
(There is no conqueror but Allah)
Size of the Nasrid Kingdom
Capital Granada
Languages Arabic, Spanish, Ladino
Religion Islam (Roman Catholicism, Judaism)
Government Monarchy
History
 •  Established 1238
 •  Disestablished 1492
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Almohad dynasty
Crown of Castile

The Emirate of Granada was established in 1238. As the Reconquista was very successful after the conquest of Cordoba in 1236, the emirate officially became a tributary state in 1238 and was called the Kingdom of Granada. The Nasrid emirs and kings were responsible for building most of the palaces in the Alhambra. The taifa became a vassal state of the Christian kingdom of Castile for the next 250 years. The Nasrid sultans and kings paid tribute to the Christian kings and cooperated with them in the battle against rebellious Muslims under Castilian rule.

On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim leader, Muhammad XII, surrendered complete control of Granada, to Ferdinand and Isabella, after the city was besieged.

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