Endocrine system

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The endocrine system includes those organs of the body which produce hormones. It helps to regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, and plays a part also in mood.[1] The field of medicine that deals with disorders of endocrine glands is endocrinology.

In physiology, the endocrine system is a system of glands, each of which secretes a type of hormone directly into the bloodstream to regulate the body.

The endocrine system is in contrast to the exocrine system, which secretes its chemicals using ducts.[2] The endocrine system is an information signal system like the nervous system, yet its effects and mechanism are different.

The endocrine system's effects are slow to start, and long-lasting in their response. The nervous system sends information quickly, and responses are generally short lived. Hormones are complex chemicals released from endocrine tissue into the bloodstream where they travel to target tissues and trigger a response.

Features of endocrine glands are, in general, they have no ducts, they have a good blood supply, and usually they have vacuoles or granules inside their cells, storing their hormones.

Major endocrine glands. (Male left, female on the right.) 1. Pineal gland 2. Pituitary gland 3. Thyroid gland 4. Thymus 5. Adrenal gland 6. Pancreas 7. Ovary 8. Testes

Endocrine glands and the hormones they secrete[change | change source]

Central nervous system[change | change source]

Endocrine glands in the human head and neck and their hormones

Thyroid[change | change source]

Parathyroid[change | change source]

  • Parathyroid hormone PTH triggers an increase in blood calcium levels.

Muscles[change | change source]

Alimentary system[change | change source]

Kidney[change | change source]

Adrenal glands[change | change source]

Reproductive system[change | change source]

Male[change | change source]

Female[change | change source]

Calcium regulation[change | change source]

Miscellaneous[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Collier Judith; et al. (2006). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Specialties 7th edn. Oxford University Press. pp. 350 -351. ISBN 0-19-853085-4.
  2. It derives from the Greek words endo meaning inside, within, and crinis for secrete.

Other websites[change | change source]

Endocrine system
Adrenal gland - Corpus luteum - Hypothalamus - Ovaries - Pancreas - Parathyroid gland - Pineal gland - Pituitary gland - Testes - Thyroid gland - Hormone