Candidiasis

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Candidiasis
Classification and external resources

Agar plate culture of Candida albicans
ICD-10 B37.
ICD-9 112
DiseasesDB 1929
MedlinePlus 001511
eMedicine med/264 emerg/76 ped/312 derm/67
MeSH D002177

Candidiasis, often called yeast infection or thrush, is a type of infectious disease. It is a fungal infection (mycosis). The disease is caused by any of the Candida species of yeast. Candida albicans is the most common species.[1][2]

Causes[change | edit source]

Candida yeasts are common in most people. The yeast is usually controlled in the body. When the yeast grows without control, an infection happens.

A weakened, unhealthy, or young immune system may allow candidiasis to develop.[3] HIV/AIDS, cancer treatments, steroids, stress and not enough nutrients may cause candidiasis.

Antibiotic and steroid use are the most common reason for uncontrolled yeast.[4] Antibiotic kills the good bacteria which control the yeast - the change you'll get the yeast increases because of it.

The Candida fungus grows best in warm, moist and dark places.

Esophageal candidiasis[change | edit source]

Esophageal candidiasis is an infection of the esophagus by Candida albicans. The disease happens in unhealthy people. Sometimes people will get the infection when they are done with chemotherapy. People with AIDS can also get this infection more often.

Signs and Symptoms[change | edit source]

One sign of esophageal candidiasis is painful swallowing. Weight loss can happen when a person has esophageal candidiasis for a long time.

Oral candidiasis[change | edit source]

Oral candidiasis is a yeast infection of the mouth.[5] It is located on the mucous membranes of the mouth. It is caused by Candida albicans, Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis.

Signs[change | edit source]

Candida may appear as thick white or cream-coloured areas on mucosal membranes. The infected mucosa of the mouth may look inflamed. In babies the condition is called thrush. For babies, it is usually painless and causes no pain. Adults may experience discomfort or burning sensation.

Body parts[change | edit source]

In healthy persons, candidiasis is usually a very small infection of the skin or mucous membranes.[1] These areas include:

Candidiasis is a very common cause of vaginal irritation, or vaginitis. It can also occur on the penis or scrotum. In unhealthy patients, the Candida infection can affect the esophagus. It could get everywhere in the body. This would cause a much more serious health condition, a state called candidemia.[7] [8]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Deep Mycoses in: Baron's Medical Microbiology (Baron S et al., eds.) (4th ed. ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. (via NCBI Bookshelf) ISBN 978-0-9631172-1-2. Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=mmed.section.4006.
  2. Medline Plus at the U.S. National Library of Medicine Archived 13 November 2010 at WebCite
  3. Odds FC (1987). "Candida infections: an overview". Crit Rev Microbiol. 15: 1-5.. PMID 3319417.
  4. National Candida Society Article Archived 13 November 2010 at WebCite
  5. Medline Plus, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000626.htm
  6. Wong, Jeremy (2008), Penile Candidiasis - Yes, Yeast Infection in Men, http://www.californiachronicle.com/articles/view/65098
  7. Pappas PG (2007). "Invasive candidiasis". Infect Dis Clin North Am. 20: 485-506. PMID 16984866.
  8. Fidel PL (2002). "Immunity to Candida". Oral Dis. 8: 69-75. PMID 12164664.

Other websites[change | edit source]