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Eugene Parker

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eugene Parker
Parker in 2018 at the launch of the solar probe that bears his name
Born(1927-06-10)June 10, 1927
DiedMarch 15, 2022(2022-03-15) (aged 94)
Alma materMichigan State University
Known forSweet-Parker Reconnection
Parker spiral solar magnetic field shape
AwardsArctowski Medal (1969)
George Ellery Hale Prize (1978)
Chapman Medal (1979)
National Medal of Science (1989)
William Bowie Medal (1990)
James Clerk Maxwell Prize (2003)
Kyoto Prize (2003)
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Chicago

Eugene Newman Parker (June 10, 1927 – March 15, 2022) was an American solar astrophysicist. In the mid-1950s—developed the theory of the supersonic solar wind and predicted the Parker spiral shape of the solar magnetic field in the outer solar system.

In 1987, Parker proposed that the solar corona might be heated by myriad tiny "nanoflares" (similar to solar flares) that would happen all over the surface of the Sun.

Parker spent four years at the University of Utah and has been at the University of Chicago since 1955. Parker was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1967.

In 2017, NASA renamed its Solar Probe Plus to Parker Solar Probe in his honor, marking the first time NASA had named a spacecraft after a living person.[1]

In 2018, the American Physical Society awarded him the Medal for Exceptional Achievement in Research.[2]

Parker died on March 15, 2022 from problems caused by Parkinson's disease at a retirement home in Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois at the age of 94.[3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. N. Davis (2017-05-31). "Nasa's hotly anticipated solar mission renamed to honour astrophysicist Eugene Parker". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  2. "Award honors Prof. Eugene Parker's lifetime of physics research". UChicago News. 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  3. Chang, Kenneth (March 17, 2022). "Eugene N. Parker, 94, Dies; Predicted the Existence of Solar Wind". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  4. Lerner, Louise (March 16, 2022). "Eugene Parker, 'legendary figure' in solar science and namesake of Parker Solar Probe, 1927–2022". University of Chicago. Retrieved March 16, 2022.