Fabergé egg

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Fabergé egg is one of the jewelled eggs made by Peter Carl Fabergé and his company between 1885 and 1917.[1]

The most famous are those made for the Russian Tsars Alexander III and Nicholas II. They were Easter gifts for their wives and mothers, and are called the 'Imperial' Fabergé eggs. The House of Fabergé made about 52 imperial eggs, of which 46 have survived.[2] Two more were planned for Easter 1918, but were not delivered, due to the Russian Revolution.[3]

List of Fabergé Tsar Imperial Easter eggs[change | change source]

Below is a list of the eggs made for the Russian imperial family.[4]

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1885 First Hen Egg Яйцо "Курочка".JPG Also known as the Jewelled Hen Egg, it was the first in a series of 54 jeweled eggs made for the Russian Imperial family under Peter Carl Fabergé's supervision. The tsarina and the tsar enjoyed the egg so much that Alexander III ordered a new egg from Fabergé for his wife every Easter Viktor Vekselberg Viktor Vekselberg - Wikipedia
1886 Hen egg with sapphire pendant Also known as the Egg with hen in basket, it was made in 1886 for Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna LOST
1887 Third Imperial Egg Third imperial Fabergé egg.svg A jewelled and ridged yellow gold egg with Vacheron & Constantin watch. It is on its original tripod pedestal. In 2014, it was bought by London-based jeweler Wartski on behalf of a private collector.[5] Private Collection
1888 Cherub with chariot Egg Cherub with Chariot Egg - Reflection.png Also known as the Angel with egg in chariot, made and delivered in 1888 to Alexander III. This is one of the lost Imperial eggs. Few details are known about it LOST
1889 Nécessaire Egg Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1889. LOST
1890 Danish palaces Egg Danish Palaces Egg.jpg Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1890. Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation.[6]
1891 Memory of Azov Egg Memory of Azov Egg.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow, Russia
1892 Diamond trellis Egg Diamond Trellis Egg.jpg Private collection
1893 Caucasus Egg Caucasus Egg.jpg Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation.[7]
1894 Renaissance Egg Renaissance egg.jpg Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Rosebud Egg Rosebud egg.jpg Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Blue serpent clock Egg Before March 2014 mistaken for the Third Imperial Egg Albert II of Monaco collection, Monte-Carlo, Monaco
1896 Rock crystal Egg 15 - Richmond - VMFA - Imperial Rock Crystal Easter Egg with Revolving Miniatures (1896) (39923872531) (cropped).jpg Also known as the revolving miniatures egg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
1896 Twelve monograms Egg Twelve Monogram (Fabergé egg).jpg Also known as the Alexander III portraits egg.[8] Surprise is missing. Hillwood Museum, Washington D.C.
1897 Imperial Coronation Egg Fabergé egg Rome 05.JPG Viktor Vekselberg
1897 Mauve Egg Only the egg's surprise has survived. LOST
Viktor Vekselberg
1898 Lilies of the Valley Egg Fabergé egg Rome 03.JPG The egg is one of two in Art Nouveau style. It was presented on April 5 to Tsar Nicholas II, and was used as a gift to the tsaritsa, Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna. Viktor Vekselberg
1898 Pelican Egg Pelican (Fabergé egg).jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
1899 Bouquet of lilies clock egg Bouquet of lilies clock 01 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1899 Pansy egg Pansy egg surprise.svg The egg's surprise Matilda Gray Stream, US
1900 Trans-Siberian Railway egg Faberge Train Egg Kremlin April 2003.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1900 Cockerel egg Cockerel Fabergé egg.jpg Viktor Vekselberg
1901 Basket of flowers Basket of Flowers Egg (Fabergé).jpg Royal Collection, London, United Kingdom
1901 Gatchina Palace egg House of Fabergé - Gatchina Palace Egg - Walters 44500 - Open View B.jpg Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland
1902 Clover leaf egg Cloveregg2.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1902 Empire nephrite egg 1902 egg open.jpg Surprise – miniature portrait of Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia and Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg (original lost) Private collection, New York City
1903 Peter the Great egg Peterthegreategg.JPG Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
1903 Royal Danish egg Danish Jubilee Egg.jpg LOST
1904 No eggs made
1905 No eggs made
1906 Moscow Kremlin egg Moscow Kremlin Egg.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1906 Swan egg Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1907 Rose trellis egg House of Fabergé - Rose Trellis Egg - Walters 44501.jpg Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
1907 Love trophies egg or 'Cradle with garlands' egg Private Collection
1908 Alexander Palace egg Alexanderpalace egg 01 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1908 Peacock egg Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1909 Standart yacht egg Standard yacht (Faberge egg) 02 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1909 Alexander III commemorative egg Alexander Egg.jpg LOST
1910 Colonnade egg 1910 Colonnade Egg.jpg Royal Collection, London, UK
1910 Alexander III equestrian egg Alexander III Equestrian Faberge egg 03 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1911 Fifteenth anniversary egg Fifteenth Anniversary egg.jpg Viktor Vekselberg
1911 Bay tree egg The Bay tree egg.jpg Also known as the Orange Tree Egg Viktor Vekselberg
1912 Tsarevich egg Tsarevich (Fabergé egg) and surprise.jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
1912 Napoleonic egg Napoleonic (Fabergé egg).jpg Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation. Displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1913 Romanov tercentenary egg Romanov Tercentenary Egg-2.jpg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1913 Winter egg The State of Qatar
1914 Mosaic egg 1914 Mosaic Egg.jpg Royal Collection, London, UK
1914 Grisaille egg or Catherine the Great egg Catherine the Great (Fabergé egg).jpg The egg was made by Henrik Wigström, Fabergé's last head workmaster. It was given to Maria Fedrovna by her son Nicholas II. Its surprise (now lost) was "a mechanical sedan chair, carried by two blackamoors, with Catherine the Great seated inside".[9] Hillwood Museum, Washington, D.C., USA
1915 Red Cross with triptych egg Henrik wigström e adrian prachov per casa fabergé, uovo pasquale imperiale della croce rossa. 1915.jpg Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
1915 Red Cross with imperial portraits Red Cross with Imperial Portraits (Fabergé egg)-crop.jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
1916 Steel military egg Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1916 Order of St. George egg Fabergé egg Rome 06.JPG Made during World War I, the egg commemorates the Order of St. George awarded to Emperor Nicholas and his son, the Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaievich.[10] This and the previous egg were given a modest design in keeping with the austerity of World War I.[11] Fabergé billed 13,347 rubles for the two.[10] The Order of St. George egg left Bolshevik Russia with its original recipient, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.[12] Viktor Vekselberg
1917 Karelian birch egg Made in 1917, the egg was due to be completed and delivered to the tsar that Easter, as a present for his mother, the Empress Maria Feodorovna. Before the egg could be delivered, the February Revolution took place and Nicholas II was forced to abdicate on March 15. On April 25, Fabergé sent the Tsar an invoice for the egg, addressing Nicholas II not as "Tsar of all the Russians" but as "Mr. Romanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich". Nicholas paid 12,500 rubles. The egg was sent to Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich at his palace, for presentation to the empress, but the duke fled before it arrived. The egg remained in the palace until it was looted after the October Revolution. Alexander Ivanov. Displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany.
1917 Constellation egg Constellation Faberge egg 01 by shakko.jpg Because of the Russian Revolution, this egg was never finished or presented to Tsar Nicholas's wife, the Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna. Two eggs have claims to be the Constellation egg: one held at Fersman Mineralogical Museum in Moscow and the other in the possession of Alexander Ivanov and displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow or the Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden.

List of the Kelch eggs[change | change source]

Faberge also made eggs for Alexander Kelch, a Siberian gold mine industrialist, as gifts for his wife Barbara (Varvara) Kelch-Bazanova. Most are copies of other eggs.

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1898 Kelch Hen Egg Kelch Hen (Fabergé egg).jpg Viktor Vekselberg
1899 Twelve Panel Egg Royal Collection, London, UK
1900 Pine Cone Egg Private collection
1901 Apple Blossom Egg Apple Blossom Egg Carl Fabergé.JPG Liechtenstein National Museum
1902 Rocaille Egg Kelch Rocaille Egg.jpg Dorothy and Artie McFerrin collection
1903 Bonbonnière Egg Private collection
1904 Kelch Chanticleer Egg Kelch Chanticleer egg.jpg Viktor Vekselberg

Other Fabergé eggs[change | change source]

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1885–91 Blue Striped Enamel Egg Private collection
1902 Duchess of Marlborough Egg Fabergé egg Rome 07.JPG Viktor Vekselberg
1902 Rothschild Egg Ротшильдовское.jpg Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
1907 Youssoupov Egg Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1914 Nobel Ice Egg Nobel Ice (Fabergé egg).jpg Dorothy and Artie McFerrin collection
1885–89 Resurrection Egg Voskreshenie Faberge.jpg possibly the surprise from the 1894 Renaissance Egg[13] Viktor Vekselberg
1899–1903 Spring Flowers Egg Faberge4.JPG Possibly not Fabergé Viktor Vekselberg
1899–1903 Scandinavian Egg Fabergé egg Rome 08.JPG Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Egg-Stamp A seal, made of red gold, surrounding the upper part of the Egg and bowenite, decorated with 19 diamonds. At the top of the Egg six rubies, cabochons on garlands, and three rubies, cabochons on the chest of the cherubs. Private collection

References[change | change source]

  1. "Faberge Egg, In Classic Style, History, Easter Egg, James Bond | In Classic Style". Archived from the original on 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  2. "A Fabergé egg is not just for Easter". 23 March 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  3. Egg Week: The story behind the world's largest and most expensive Easter egg hunt | National Post
  4. "The Third Imperial Faberge Easter Egg at Wartski". Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  5. Singh, Anita (18 March 2014). "The £20m Fabergé egg that was almost sold for scrap". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  6. Housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York, planned to be till 2016. "Fabergé from the Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation Collection November 22, 2011–November 27, 2016". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
  7. Displayed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York.
  8. Hillwood Museum have identified the twelve monograms Egg previously dated to 1895 as the Alexander III portraits egg of 1896, [1] Archived 2014-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens - The Catherine the Great Egg". hillwoodmuseum.org. Archived from the original on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Faberge - Treasures of Imperial Russia". Archived from the original on 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  11. "Mieks Fabergé". August 2013. Archived from the original on 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  12. "Faberge". Treasures of Imperial Russia. Archived from the original on 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  13. "Faberge - Treasures of Imperial Russia". 21 September 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 10 September 2019.