Flag of Lithuania

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UseNational flag and civil ensign
Adopted1918 (modifications made in July 2004)
DesignA horizontal triband of yellow, green and red.
Variant flag of Lithuania
UseState flag
Adopted2004, first documented use 1410.
The State flag of Lithuania represents Vytis - a horseman who fights enemies. It is required to use in the Royal Palace of Lithuania, Trakai Island castle as well as in Vytautas the Great's Miliary museum in Kaunas

The Flag of Lithuania is a tricolour flag currently used by Lithuania. The flag has three horizontal stripes. The yellow stripe on the top represents the sun, the green stripe in the middle represents forests, the red stripe on the bottom represents the blood of people who defended Lithuania's freedom.[1] The flag's ratio is 3:5 (1:2 in 1989). The Council of Lithuania first adopted it in 1918. When the Soviets occupied Lithuania in 1940, they changed the flag to a Soviet one. When Lithuania gained independence in 1990, the flag was reintroduced. This newly introduced flag had a ratio of 1:2. In 2004, it was changed to 3:5.[2]

Special days for the flag[change | change source]

The table below shows the dates when the flag should be flown:

Date English Name Remarks
January 1 Flag day Commemorating the day when the national flag was first raised on the Gediminas Tower in 1919
January 13 Day of the Freedom Fighters In memory of the January Events in 1991
February 16 Day of Re-establishment of the State of Lithuania (from the Russian Empire, 1918) Hoisted with the Latvian and Estonian flags
February 24 Day of Independence of Estonia Hoisted with the Latvian and Estonian flags
March 11 Day of Restitution of Independence of Lithuania (from the Soviet Union, 1990) Hoisted with the Latvian and Estonian flags
March 29 NATO Day In honor of Lithuania's accession to NATO in 2003; hoisted with the NATO flag
May 1 European Union Day In honor of Lithuania's accession to the European Union in 2004; hoisted with the EU flag
May 9 Europe Day Commemorates the end of World War II in 1945; formerly called Victory Day during the Soviet era
May 15 Day of Convening of the Constituent Seimas In honor of the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania
June 14 Day of Mourning and Hope Marks the date of the first mass deportations of Lithuanians to Siberia in 1941; the flag is marked for mourning
June 15 Day of Occupation and Genocide Marks the beginning of Soviet occupation of Lithuania in 1940; the flag is marked for mourning
July 6 Statehood Day Commemorates coronation of the first king, Mindaugas, in 1253
July 15 Day of the Battle of Grünwald Commemorates the Lithuanian and Polish victory over the Teutonic Knights in 1410
August 23 Day of Black Ribbon Marks the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939; the flag is marked for mourning
August 31 Day of Freedom Marking the final departure of the Red Army from Lithuania in 1993
September 23 Day of Genocide of Lithuanian Jews Marking the destruction of the Vilnius ghetto by Nazi Germany in 1943
October 25 Constitution Day Commemorating the adoption of the national constitution in 1992
November 18 Day of Latvian Independence Hoisted together with the Latvian and Estonian flags
November 23 Day of the Lithuanian Soldier Commemorating the establishment of the Army of Lithuania in 1918

References[change | change source]

  1. "Details - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  2. "Lietuvos valstybės vėliava". www.lrs.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 2021-03-05.