Fort Provintia is a defense base in Tainan, a city in south Taiwan, built by the Dutch in 1653, and now it’s a historic site.
The Dutch Era (1624~1662)[change | change source]
In 1624, the Dutch colonized southern Taiwan in order to trade with mainland China. Before the fort was built, the place was a center of commercial trade. The fort was built by the Dutch to prevent another rebellion after the local people, led by Guo Huai-yi, went against the Dutch in 1652. The fort was still used as a trade center. The Dutch made the fort with red bricks and mortar, which were a mixture of water, sugar, sticky rice and oyster shells.
The Zheng Era (1662~1683)[change | change source]
In 1662, Koxinga, the ruler of Zheng dynasty,expelled the Dutch, and the fort was used as his government with the new name Chen-Tien Fu. In 1664, the fort was abandoned as a place of government and was used as a place to store gunpowder.
The Qing Era (1683~1895)[change | change source]
In 1683, the ruler of Zheng dynasty surrendered to the Qing. In 1721, the fort was damaged when Zhu Yigui led uprising against the government. Also through the following years, the fort was destroyed by several earthquakes only a few walls remained. The chief administrator, Sheng Shou Qien, built the Penghu Academy in 1886. It is a Qing style building located at the west side of the fort. In 1879, both the Wunchang Pavilion (Temple of Literature God) and the Hai-She Temple（Temple of Sea God）were built by the emperor’s administrator, Shen Baozhen. The Wunchang Pavilion and the Hai-She Temple are located in the central part of the fort. The Wunchang Pavilion was built in honor of Wun- Chang, God of Literature. The Hai-She Temple was built in honor of God of the Sea.
The Japanese Era (1895~1945)[change | change source]
In 1895, the Qing lost the First Sino-Japanese War and gave away the territory of Taiwan to Japan. The Japanese began to use the fort as an army hospital. In 1944, the Japanese began to restore the buildings including the walls that the Dutch had built, the Hai-Shen Temple, the Wunchang Pavilion and the Penghu Academy.
After 1945[change | change source]
After WWII, Japan retreated from Taiwan. Then the fort was renamed Chihkan Tower and became an exhibition center. In 1960, the imperial tortoise statues and the stone monuments with historical records from the Great South Gate, part of the original 14 gates of the Tainan City Wall, were moved to the south Chihkan Tower.
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chihkan Tower.|
- John Robert Shepherd, Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwan Frontier 1600- 1800 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993), 90
- s.r.o, Tripomatic. "Chihkan Tower in Tainan, Taiwan". travel.sygic.com.
- Cultural Affairs Bureau, Tainan City Government (11 March 2013). "National historic site: Fort Provintia (Chihkan Tower)". Cultural Affairs Bureau,Tainan City Government.
- "Fort Provintia". www.premier.com.tw.
- koko (koko118). "97.12.26-28 南部三日遊 6~5 台南赤崁樓 (12/28) @ 繁星的冥想世界 :: 痞客邦 ::". 繁星的冥想世界.