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Gene Sharp

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gene Sharp (January 21, 1928 – January 28, 2018) was an American political scientist, writer and activist. He was the founder of the Albert Einstein Institution, a non-profit organization dedicated to the study of nonviolent action. He was a retired professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.[1] He was known for his writings on nonviolent struggle.

Sharp was born in North Baltimore, Ohio. He studied at Ohio State University and at Oxford University.

Unofficial sources have claimed that Sharp was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015,[1] and had been nominated three times, in 2009, 2012 and 2013.[1][2][3][4]

Sharp was widely thought to be the favorite for the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize award.[5][6][7] In 2011 he was awarded the El-Hibri Peace Education Prize.[8] In 2012 he was a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award[9] as well as the Distinguished Lifetime Democracy Award.[10]

Sharp died on January 28, 2018 at home in Boston, Massachusetts, exactly 1 week after his 90th birthday.[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Gene Sharp nominert til fredsprisen". Miljøpartiet De Grønne (Norwegian Green Party). mdg.no. February 2, 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2017-04-14.. Sharp was nominated by Norwegian Green Party Member of Parliament Rasmus Hansson.
  2. "Nonviolence scholar nominated for 2013 Nobel Peace Prize Archived 2017-10-19 at the Wayback Machine" [press release]. American Friends Service Committee. afsc.org. February 25, 2013. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
  3. "Nobel Peace Prize 2012: PRIO Director's Speculations". Prio.no. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  4. Oslo Newsroom (February 27, 2012). "Former President Bill Clinton among Nobel Prize nominees" Archived 2012-03-02 at the Wayback Machine. Reuters. The story states: "Kristian Berg Harpviken, director of the Peace Research Institute of Oslo and one of the individuals eligible to nominate candidates, has released a short list of those names he had submitted. It is headed by Gene Sharp, a U.S. writer and philosopher who has long advocated non-violent action for social justice" (accessed March 5, 2012).
  5. "Peace Institute Says Nobel Rankings Favor Sharp, Echo of Moscow". Bloomberg.
  6. "Who will take home this year's Nobel Peace Prize? - CNN.com". CNN. October 12, 2012.
  7. "Handicapping the Nobel Peace Prize" – via Foreign Policy.
  8. "El-Hibri Peace Education Prize". Prize Laureates. El-Hibri Charitable Foundation. Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  9. "Right Livelihood Award". List of Laureates. The Right Livelihood Award Foundation. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  10. "The Zambrano Foundation has announced The First Annual Democracy Symposium in The Americas 2012". PR Newswire. September 20, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012. The article states that Sharp will receive the award at a symposium that "will take place on November 15 and 16 at the Alumni Center, University of Miami, Florida."
  11. Pratt, Mark (January 30, 2018). "Gene Sharp, advocate for nonviolent resistance, dies at 90". ABC News. Retrieved 30 January 2018.