The Gordon Bennett Cup for auto racing was set up by James Gordon Bennett, Jr.. He was the millionaire owner of the New York Herald. The award was first given in 1900 in France. It was a car-racing event between teams from different countries.
History[change | change source]
In 1900, the Automobile Club de France (ACF) was given the trophy (prize). The trophy could be won in a race between automobile clubs from different countries. The trophy was given out every year until 1905. After that, the ACF held the first Grand Prix motor racing event at the Circuit de la Sarthe, in Le Mans.
The rules were that the races were held in the country of the winner of the year before. The races were between national teams. Because of this, the national racing colours had to be set for each country. Great Britain had to choose a different colour to red, white or blue (the colours of the flag) because they had been taken by Italy, Germany and France. They choose shamrock green because the race that year was run in Ireland. This became known as British racing green.
Gordon Bennett Cup winners[change | change source]
|1900||Paris to Lyon, France||Fernand Charron||Panhard||France|
|1901||Paris to Bordeaux, France||Léonce Girardot||Panhard||France|
|1902||Paris, France to Innsbruck, Austria||Selwyn Edge||Napier||United Kingdom|
|1903||Athy, County Kildare, Ireland||Camille Jenatzy||Mercedes||Germany|
|1904||Taunus mountains in Germany||Léon Théry||Richard-Brasier||France|
|1905||Circuit d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France||Léon Théry||Richard-Brasier||France|
References[change | change source]
- According to Leinster Leader, Saturday, 11 April 1903, which also states red as the color for American cars in the 1903 Gordon Bennett Cup.