Gran Colombia

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Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia
Flag of Gran Colombia
Flag (1821–1822)
Coat of arms (1821–31) of Gran Colombia
Coat of arms
Anthem: Marcha Libertadora
(Liberation March)
Gran Colombia
Gran Colombia
Common languagesSpanish
Roman Catholic
GovernmentFederal Republic
• 1819–30
Simón Bolívar
• 1830, 1831
Domingo Caycedo
• 1830, 1831
Joaquín Mosquera
• 1830–31
Rafael Urdaneta
Vice Presidents 
• 1819–20
Francisco Antonio Zea
• 1820–21
Juan Germán Roscio
• 1821
Antonio Nariño y Álvarez
• 1821
José María del Castillo
• 1821–27
Francisco de Paula Santander
• 1830–31
Domingo Caycedo
• Upper Chamber
• Lower Chamber
Chamber of Representatives
• Established
December 17[1] 1821
August 30, 1821
• Disestablished
November 19 1831
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of New Granada
Captaincy General of Venezuela
Third Republic of Venezuela
Republic of New Granada
State of Venezuela
British Guiana
Today part of Brazil

Gran Colombia was a centralist country formed after New Granada declared independence in 1819, initially made up of New Granada and Venezuela. The rebels, led by Simon Bolivar, defeated the Spanish Empire but then fought among themselves. In 1831 Venezuela and Ecuador, being the eastern and southern part of the country, declared independence from Gran Colombia due to political differences. After that the remaining territory was of New Granada. Decades later, Panama also became independent from Colombia with help from the United States.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Bethell, Leslie (1985). The Cambridge History of Latin America. Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-23224-1. Retrieved September 6, 2011.