Gran Colombia

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Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia




Last flag of Gran Colombia Last coat of arms
Gran Colombia
Capital Bogotá
Language(s) Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic
 - (1819–1830) Simón Bolívar
 - (1830) Domingo Caycedo
 - (1830–1831) Joaquín Mosquera
 - (1831) Domingo Caycedo
Vice Presidents
 - (1819–1820) Francisco Antonio Zea
 - (1820–1821) Juan Germán Roscio
 - (1821) Antonio Nariño y Álvarez
 - (1821) José María del Castillo
 - (1821–1827) Francisco de Paula Santander
 - (1830–1831) Domingo Caycedo
Legislature Congress
 - Upper Chamber Senate
 - Lower Chamber Chamber of Representatives
 - Established December 17[1] 1819
 - Constitution of Cúcuta August 30, 1821
 - Colombia – Peru War 1828–1829
 - Disestablished November 19, 1831
Today part of  Brazil
 Costa Rica

Gran Colombia was a country formed after New Granada declared independence in 1819. The rebels, led by Simon Bolivar, defeated the Spanish Empire but then fought among themselves. In 1831 Venezuela and Ecuador, being the eastern and southern part of the country, declared independence from Gran Colombia. After that the remaining territory is just called Colombia. Decades later, Panama also became independent from Colombia.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Bethell, Leslie (1985). The Cambridge History of Latin America. Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-23224-1. Retrieved September 6, 2011.