Gran Colombia

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Republic of Colombia

República de Colombia
1821–1831
Flag of Gran Colombia
Flag (1821–1822)
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
(1821–31)
Anthem: Marcha Libertadora
(Liberation March)
Gran Colombia
Gran Colombia
CapitalBogotá
Common languagesSpanish
Religion
Roman Catholic
GovernmentFederal Republic
Presidents 
• 1819–30
Simón Bolívar
• 1830, 1831
Domingo Caycedo
• 1830, 1831
Joaquín Mosquera
• 1830–31
Rafael Urdaneta
Vice Presidents 
• 1819–20
Francisco Antonio Zea
• 1820–21
Juan Germán Roscio
• 1821
Antonio Nariño y Álvarez
• 1821
José María del Castillo
• 1821–27
Francisco de Paula Santander
• 1830–31
Domingo Caycedo
LegislatureCongress
• Upper Chamber
Senate
• Lower Chamber
Chamber of Representatives
History 
• Established
December 17[1] 1821
August 30, 1821
1828–1829
• Disestablished
November 19 1831
CurrencyPiastra
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Viceroyalty of New Granada
Captaincy General of Venezuela
Third Republic of Venezuela
Republic of New Granada
State of Venezuela
Ecuador
British Guiana
Today part of Brazil
 Colombia
 Ecuador
 Guyana
 Panama
 Peru
 Venezuela

Gran Colombia was a country formed after New Granada declared independence in 1819. The rebels, led by Simon Bolivar, defeated the Spanish Empire but then fought among themselves. In 1831 Venezuela and Ecuador, being the eastern and southern part of the country, declared independence from Gran Colombia. After that the remaining territory is just called Colombia. Decades later, Panama also became independent from Colombia.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Bethell, Leslie (1985). The Cambridge History of Latin America. Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-23224-1. Retrieved September 6, 2011.