Simón Bolívar (1783 - 1830) was a Venezuelan military and political leader. He was born in Caracas, Venezuela. He liberated many countries from Spain in South America. Those countries included Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. For a few years he was president of Gran Colombia, a country that no longer exists. The country Bolivia is named after Bolívar.
While in Madrid during 1802, Bolívar married María Teresa Rodríguez del Toro y Alaiza.
Revolution in Latin America[change | change source]
Creole families felt ignored because Spaniards were sent be their governor, instead of Venezuelans. Spain had a law that if you were a wealthy mixed heritage you could “buy” whiteness and meanwhile the society didn’t want them to believe they could see their future as a different country. The creoles started calling themselves Americans and not Spaniards to demonstrate that they wanted independence. In 1808, Napoleon conquered Spain, and made his brother, Joseph Bonaparte the new king. The colonies in Latin America rebelled because they said they were loyal to the old king, Charles IV and not Napoleon.
On September 6th 1815 Simon Bolivar wrote a letter for Jamaica. He explained the causes and reasons why all south America or part of it should be free independent. Simon Bolivar was tired of how Venezuela and other countries were treated like slaves and how they were not free what he said was “We have been harassed by a conduct which has not only deprived us of our rights but has kept us in a sort of permanent infancy with regard to public affairs.” he kept saying in the Jamaica letter why its important to be free. “We are still in a position lower than slavery, and therefore it is more difficult for us to rise to the enjoyment of freedom.” What bolivar means is that they cant even enjoy freedom and that its not fair they need to enjoy and be free and happy”. "Because succeses have been partial and spasmodic, we must not lose faith". “We are young in the ways of almost all the arts and sciences, although, in a certain manner, we are old in the ways of civilized society."
On May 26 1819 Bolivar gathered with a group that are guerillas they wanted to defeat the Spanish army too like bolivar they got supplies and everything they crossed the hundred miles of plains swamps, rivers etc. Many of men died of hunger, diseases and other on there way crossing plains, on August 7 they encountered the royalist and won the battle in Boyacá on August 10 bolivar then occupied Boyoca Colombia. Bolivar won the fight of Carabobo in June 1821 after that Caracas fell few days later and Venezuela was free of the Spanish royalist then bolivar went south and conquered Quito. On July 27 1822 Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martín met at Guayaquil. Bolivar came in as a military leader. Bolivar and San Martin went back to Europe they both had a meeting then they were preparing to march across the Andes to Peru to defeat the final Spanish royalist in the middle of 1824 he launched his campaign and soon then he won an important battle at Junin which opened a door to free for Lima.
Bolivar’s legacy is that he left the independence of many Latin American countries. People called him El Liberator because he freed the countries. Simon Bolivar some people hated him because they thought he was a traitor, and he was going to be a dictator and force people. Some people question his cult of hero because they put his name in streets, statues and countries.