José de San Martín

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José de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850) was an Argentine general and politician. He was born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, Argentina. He liberated Argentina, Peru and Chile from Spain. In 1817, he crossed the Andes from Mendoza to Chile. Together with Simón Bolívar, San Martín is called one of the Liberators of South America.

Jose de San Martín
Portrait of José de San Martín, raising the flag of Argentina
Late 1820s painting
Member of the Third Triumvirate
In office
18 April – 20 April 1815
Preceded byCarlos María de Alvear
Succeeded byJosé Rondeau
Protector of Peru
In office
28 July 1821 – 20 September 1822
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byFrancisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro
Governor of Cuyo
In office
10 August 1814 – 24 September 1816
Preceded byMarcos González de Balcarce
Succeeded byToribio de Luzuriaga
Personal details
Born(1778-02-25)25 February 1778
Yapeyú, Corrientes, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (now Argentina)
Died17 August 1850(1850-08-17) (aged 72)
Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
Political partyPatriot
Spouse(s)María de los Remedios de Escalada y la Quintana
ChildrenMaría de las Mercedes Tomasa de San Martín y Escalada
Military service
Nickname(s)The Liberator of America
Years of service1789–1822
Ranklieutenant colonel (the rank that he had in the Spanish army), General of Argentina, Commander-in-Chief of the armies of Chile, Peru and Argentina, Generalissimo
CommandsRegiment of Mounted Grenadiers, Army of the North, Army of the Andes, Chilean Army

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