Grevenmacher

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Grevenmacher
Gréiwemaacher
The old town hall.
The old town hall.
Coat of arms of Grevenmacher
Coat of arms
Map showing, in orange, the Grevenmacher commune'
Map showing, in orange, the Grevenmacher commune'
Coordinates: 49°40′46″N 6°26′59″E / 49.67944°N 6.44972°E / 49.67944; 6.44972Coordinates: 49°40′46″N 6°26′59″E / 49.67944°N 6.44972°E / 49.67944; 6.44972
Country  Luxembourg
Canton Grevenmacher
Commune Grevenmacher
City 1252
Government
 • Mayor Léon Gloden
Area[1]
 • Total 16.48 km2 (6.36 sq mi)
Highest elevation 315 m (1,033 ft)
Lowest elevation 133 m (436 ft)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total 4,923
 • Density 300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LAU2 LU00007004
Website Official website

Grevenmacher (Luxembourgish: Gréiwemaacher) is a commune with city status in eastern Luxembourg, near the border with Germany.

It is the capital city of the Grevenmacher canton and of the district of Grevenmacher. The city is on the left bank of the Moselle river.

Name[change | change source]

The name Grevenmacher is formed by two words: "Greven" and "Macher". "Macher" comes from the Latin word maceria ("very old walls"); "Greven" comes from the old German word Grafen (modern German: Graf) that means "count, earl". The town "Macher of the Count" was, since 1346, different from other "Machern" found in the region: Königsmacher, Kleinmacher, Rodemacher, Mecher, Mézières etc. The present name of Grevenmacher has been in use since 1769.[3]

History[change | change source]

The valley of the Moselle, which owes its wealth to the fact that it is close to the water and it has fertile land, was settled long before the Roman era. As for Grevenmacher, the first town was behind the Holy Cross Chapel at the place called "Buerggruef", not far from the Roman road to the city of Luxembourg.

A few centuries later, the Counts of Luxembourg chose a safe place to protect their land against the powerful archbishops of Trier. They found it in Grevenmacher, that was the place where the road going from the city of Luxembourg to Trier meet with the one going from Trier to Thionville. Here a strong fortress was built, probably on the orders of Count Henry V. In 1252, this same count made Grevenmacher a city.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The new bridge over the Moselle.

The commune of Grevenmacher, which is in the eastern part of the canton on the left bank of the Moselle river, has an area of 16.48 km2 (6.4 sq mi), with 650 ha (1,606 acres) of forests and 57 ha (141 acres) of vineyards.[4]

The altitude of the commune is 133–315 m (436–1,033 ft) high.[5] At the church, the altitude is 140 m (460 ft) high.[6]

The most important river is the Moselle (French: Moselle; German: Mosel; Luxembourgish: Musel).

Population[change | change source]

There were 4,923 persons living in the commune in 2017,[2] for a population density of 298.7 inhabitants/km².

Evolution of the population in Grevenmacher

Sights[change | change source]

Famous sights in Grevenmacher are, for exampleː

  • "Huelen Zant", remains from an old castle;
  • Chapel "Saint-Croix" (this is French and means "holy cross");
  • The "Kelsbach", a beautiful piece of nature;
  • The "Jardin des papillons" (this is French again and means "garden of butterflies"), a building which contains a lot of butterflies and other insects;
  • The "Kulturhuef" which is a museum and a cinema.

Sport[change | change source]

The city has three soccer places, two in "Op Floor" (there is also the stadium from the CSG, the soccer club from Grevenmacher) and one on the bank from the Mousel. The city has also six tennis fields, three in a hall and the other three on the bank of the Mousel. Next to the tennis fields is an outdoor swimming pool. Grevenmacher has also two sports halls.

Twinned and partner towns[change | change source]

Grevenmacher is twinned withː[7]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Surface area of the cantons and municipalities". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Population by canton and municipality 1821 - 2017". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 30 December 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Histoire" (in French). Ville de Grevenmacher. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  4. "La commune en chiffres" (in French). Ville de Grevenmacher. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  5. "Grevenmacher - Informations géographiques" (in French). Luxalbum. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  6. "Altitudes of the different localities per cantons (in m)". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  7. "Les communes luxembourgeoises jumelées". Syvicol - Syndicat des Villes et Communes Luxembourgeoises. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 

Other websites[change | change source]