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A bust of Hades; a roman Copy of a Greek original by an unknown author

Hades is the God of the Underworld in Greek mythology, and the eldest son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea (mythology). He is the god of the Greek underworld. In Roman mythology he is called Pluto. In his Roman form not only is he god of the underworld but also the god of riches, despair, and the dead.

Hades is the brother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hestia, Hera and Demeter.[1][2] He owns the three-headed dog Cerberus. Cerberus acts somewhat as a guardian of the Underworld.

Persephone is to go there every six months since she ate the seeds of a pomegranate. This is what the ancient Greeks believed caused the seasons to change. Lonely in the underworld, Hades saw and fell in love with Persephone, who was picking flowers. Persephone was the daughter of Demeter. Hades then arose from the earth and carried Persephone into the Underworld. At her absence, Demeter became anguished and searched the earth for her missing daughter, neglecting her duty of bringing flourishing plants to the mortals. As a result, the distressed mortals starved and prayed to Zeus, who had no choice but to tell Hades to give up Persephone.

References[change | change source]

  1. Kevin Osborn, Dana Burgess (1998). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Classical Mythology. Alpha Books. p. 72. ISBN 0028623851. 
  2. Hamilton, Edith (1942), Mythology, Boston: Back Bay Books, p. 467, ISBN 978-0-316-34151-6